FOUNDATION COURSE IN TOURISM
TS 1 Free Solved Assignment
TS 1 Free Solved Assignment July 2021 & Jan 2022
Q1. Define tourism and explain in detail the various types and forms of Tourism.
Ans: Tourism: Tourism may be defined as the movement of the people from their normal place of residence to another place for a minimum period of twenty-four hours to a maximum of six months for the sole purpose of leisure and pleasure.
Tourism is a temporary short-term moment of people of destinations outside the place of their residence. Tourism is undertaken for recreation, sightseeing, pilgrimage for medical reasons, for adventure, etc.
Types of tourism: Following are some types of tourism:
Tourism has two types and many forms on the basis of the purpose of visit and alternative forms of tourism.
Tourism can be categorized as international and domestic tourism. Tourism has two types and various forms. On the basis of the movement of people tourism categorized into two types. These are the following as: TS 1 Free Solved Assignment
- International Tourism: When people visit a foreign country, it is referred to as International Tourism. In order to travel to a foreign country, one needs a valid passport, visa, health documents, foreign exchange, etc. International tourism further divides into two types:
i. Inbound Tourism: This refers to tourists of outside origin entering a particular country. When people travel outside their host/native country to another country, then it is called inbound tourism for that country where he/she is traveling.
ii. Outbound Tourism: This refers to tourists traveling from the country of their origin to another country.
When tourists travel a foreign region then it is outbound tourism for his own country because he/she is going outside their country.
- Domestic Tourism: The tourism activity of the people within their own country is known as domestic tourism. Traveling within the same country is easier because it does not require formal travel documents and tedious formalities like compulsory health checks and foreign exchange. In domestic tourism, a traveler generally does not face many language problems or currency exchange issues.
Forms of Tourism:
Tourism has various forms on the basis of the purpose of visit and alternative forms. These are further divided into many types according to their nature. Some important forms of tourism are following as:
1 Recreational tourism: Tourism is an often activity for recreational purposes. Most tourism took for a change and rest; this is the reason why package tours have become so popular. TS 1 Free Solved Assignment
2 Environmental tourism: Rich and affluent tourists are preferred to spend more visits to remote places where they get pollution-free airs to breathe.
3 Historical tourism: Tourist is interested to know how our forefather lived and administered in a particular area. They visit heritage locations, temples, churches, museums, forts, etc.
4 Ethnic tourism: This refers to people traveling to distance places looking to their routes and attending to family obligations. Marriage and death bring people together to their native places.
5 Cultural tourism: Some people are interested to know how other people or communities stay, survive and prosper. The kind of culture they practice their art and music is different from ours.
6 Adventure tourism: There is a trend among the youth to take adventure tour. They go trekking, rock climbing, river rafting etc. They organized a campfire and stay under the blue sky. TS 1 Free Solved Assignment
7 Health tourism: In recent years, health tourism has become highly popular. People visit nature cure centers and hospitals providing specialist treatment.
8 Religious tourism: India represents the multi-religious composition of the population. Various package tours are organized to enable people to attend religious duties and visit places of religious importance.
9 Music tourism: It can be part of pleasure tourism as it includes moments of people to sing and listen to music and enjoy it.
10 Village tourism: It involves traveling and arranging tours in order to popularize various village destinations.
11 Wildlife tourism: It can be an Eco and animal-friendly tourism. Wildlife tourism means watching wild animals in their natural habitat.
Q3. Discuss in detail the concepts of Tourism System.
Ans: Tourism System:
A tourism system means a conceptual approach which helps to identify the dynamic elements of tourism. The boundaries of tourism are flexible.
At present tourism is being systematically viewed as a framework in which the theory and practice link up with each other to address the satisfaction of all those concerned with the functioning of the system. TS 1 Free Solved Assignment
The entire tourism system will help understand that the whole tourism system is enormous because each route followed by one or more tourists is an open system whose models realize that the facts and its implementation of a closed system is one that does not respond to the environment.
In other words, many people see tourism as an industry and do not understand tourism as a system that includes elements that are mutually interconnected parts that work together to achieve general goals.
This system is called the tourism system. The whole system will talk about all hotels in tourism, hotels, airline resorts, other businesses and organizations affected by tourism.
And it provides a better understanding of people working in hotels and resorts in order not to actually provide customer service but to understand why they come to hotels.
Neil Leiper said the system that he thought should be a model of the entire tourism system to introduce a way to take into account the full range of tourism.
The entire tourism system focuses on and develops the tourism market that meets the demands of tourists. TS 1 Free Solved Assignment
The proposals in this article describe and analyze the entire tourism system.
The important element of the tourism system is its historical potential for development and resulting benefits.
However, the system operates within a global economic environment along with national priorities.
The constituents of the tourism industry are divided into two categories:
- Primary Constituents: Very essential constituents are listed under this category.
I. Transport: Transport is an essential constituent of Tourism. A mode of transport is needed to move from one place to another.
ii. Accommodation: Tourist needs a place to stay that is good accommodation, which could be of any type from cottages to tourist lodges, hotels, a houseboat, etc.
iii. Catering, food, and entertainment: Tourist also needs something to eat, and hence comes the role of catering and food. Different forms of entertainment is also provided as attractions at the destinations.
iv. Intermediaries: The intermediaries constitute the travel agency, tour operator and guide services. The constituent which co-relates all the components of tourism is the travel agent/tour operator. TS 1 Free Solved Assignment
V. Government Departments/Tourist information centers: Many National and International organizations related to tourism form part of the Tourism industry.
- Secondary Constituents: These are those services which are directly or indirectly related to tourism.
i.Shops and Emporiums: These sell various products to tourists.
ii. Handcrafts and Souvenirs.
iii. Local taxi/transportation.
iv. Hawkers and Coolies.
V. Communication services at the destination.
vi. Touts and Brokers.
vii. Advertisement and Publishing industry.
viii. Artists, performers, musicians etc.
Benefits of tourism system:
Brings in outside dollars to support community facilities and services that Economic. It brings in money. This is probably the main advantage of tourism and the reason why it has been promoted so much, especially in developing countries.
The income generated can make up a significant proportion of both private, local,
and national incomes. TS 1 Free Solved Assignment
i.Opportunistic: It provides jobs. Hotels, bars, transport, activities, shops, and restaurants all need staffing. Tourism can provide much-needed employment for people.
ii. Infrastructural: It provides a means and an incentive for investment in infrastructures such as roads, rail networks, and local medical and education facilities.
iii. Environmental: It can provide economic incentives for a place to preserve, maintain, and regenerate the environment in both urban and rural settings.
iv. Cross-Cultural: It promotes international connections which can bring more business and cultural collaborations in the long term.
It also promotes cross-cultural awareness for both locals and tourists and builds bridges of understanding between cultures. TS 1 Free Solved Assignment
v. Promotional: It “puts a place on the map”: Tourism gives the locality a chance to show itself off and raise its profile in the world.
Q6. Write a brief note on various modes of transport.
Ans: Modes of transport:
These most common five modes of transport are railways, roadways, airways, waterways and pipelines.
Following is the brief account of each mode with reference to Indian conditions with relative merits and demerits:
I. Railways: Indian railway system has grown into Asia’s largest and the world’s fourth-largest. It has a route length of 72,000-kilo meters by the end of 1990.
The daily run is 15,000-kilo meters with a running of 12,000 trains carrying 7 lakh tons of goods. The average cost per ton kilometer is 27 paise.
1 Large carrying capacity: Compared to other means of transport, railways are known for the bulk carriage of goods over long distances.
2 It is economical: As the freight rates are telescopic and referential, it works cheaper particularly in case of heavy goods over long distances.
3 It is all-weather modes: Railways provide all-season protection to the products moved on an uninterrupted basis. TS 1 Free Solved Assignment
4 It has containerization: Indian railways have done a good job by containerizing on major routes facilitating safe, uninterrupted, and speedier movement of goods.
5 It links international markets: Railways are the main sources of connections with the markets outside the country moving goods from interior parts to the points of overseas supply and shipping.
- Costlier over short distances.
- Slower movement.
- Inordinate delays.
II. Roadways: Indian road network is one of the largest in the world. It has a total road length of 18 lakh kilometers of which 50 percent is surfaced.
Merits: TS 1 Free Solved Assignment
1 Economical over short distances: As compared to railways, it is more economical.
2 Speedier movement: Road transport is speedier than the railways giving point-to-point service resulting in price stabilization and consumer satisfaction.
3 Touching far-flung markets: Much beyond the capacity of railways, the roadways are known for reaching impregnable markets particularly hilly regions where railways cannot reach.
- Uneconomical over long distances.
- It is fair weather friend.
- Not suitable for bulk transport.
III. Airways: We cannot boast of airways in India as we do in case of railways and roadways because, it is underdeveloped and underutilized. It acts as a feeder or supporting transport means.
- Fastest means of transport and All weather friend.
- Consumer satisfaction and Reduced inventory holdings.
- It is costlier means of transport. TS 1 Free Solved Assignment
- Limited coverage and Limited cargo capacity.
IV. Waterways: Waterways of the nation provide other alternative means of transport. Unfortunately, in India, waterways are not fully developed though she has a great potentiality.
- It is cheaper means of transport and Most suitable for heavy and fragile products.
- Loading and unloading facilities and No problem of congestion.
- Slow speed and Unreliable.
- Limited service.
V. Pipe-Lines: Pipe-lines are the specialized means of transportation designed to move the items like crude oil, petroleum, chemicals, coal, limestone, iron-ore, copper concentrates and gas.
- Economical and Uninterrupted service.
- No danger of wastage and Underground.
- Initial heavy investment.
- Danger of enemy attacks. TS 1 Free Solved Assignment
Q7. What are various types of accommodation? Discuss each in brief.
Ans: Types of accommodation:
1 Motel: Motel accommodation usually features a selection of studio, one, or two-bedroom units. Tea, coffee, and sometimes cooking facilities are provided, and most units have a television.
Very affordable, motels are ideal for the more budget-conscious traveler who appreciates the ease of a hotel stay. Motel accommodation in New Zealand, compared to many other countries, is generally of a high standard.
Look out for a Qualmark star-rated property if you want to be guaranteed a quality stay. Larger motels can be similar to hotels, often with a swimming pool, spa, sauna, laundry, and restaurant.
2 Hotels: Hotels in New Zealand come in all shapes, sizes and personalities. From budget to luxury, there are hundreds of hotels to choose from around the country.
3 Apartments: Apartments are a great option when your clients are staying in a major city or resort town. They can cook their own meals, do their own laundry, and enjoy the feeling of having their own space while on holiday.
4 Bed & Breakfasts: Bed & Breakfasts are a wonderfully eclectic mix of all types of hosts and houses, and this is part of the attraction. TS 1 Free Solved Assignment
By opening their homes and their hearts to travelers who need a comfortable bed for a night or two, B&B hosts are like instant friends you meet along the way.
5 Luxury Lodges: In a class of their own, luxury lodges are extremely accommodating and cater to the most discerning visitor.
Have your every need taken care of, dine on fine gourmet cuisine and enjoy the highest standard of hosting and facilities.
These unique properties offer the pleasures of things like spa treatments, private golf, helicopter flights, wilderness adventures and more – almost whatever your heart desires.
A New Zealand luxury lodge is utterly luxurious and offers an exclusive, unforgettable holiday experience.
6 Boutiques and Lodges: hoose from a diverse range of accommodation that encompasses historic estates, vineyard cottages or boutique guest houses, typically providing unique facilities, location, service, and guest experiences.
Wake up to a spectacular alpine vista or a scenic freshwater lake – boutique and lodge accommodation can be a treat for the night or for your entire holiday.
7 Homestays: Homestay accommodation in a New Zealand home is always comfortable, with friendly hosts who are happy to introduce your clients to friends and other locals.
All domestic facilities are shared with the family, including the bathroom/s, and meals are eaten together too – often including dinner. Homestay hosts are naturally genial characters, and your clients’ stay with them will be enjoyably social.
8 Holiday Parks and Campgrounds: Holiday parks provide sites for tents, caravans and campervans, and many also have simple cabins, self-contained motel units and backpackers’ lodges. TS 1 Free Solved Assignment
Whether setting up camp or parking a motorhome, clients can choose a powered or non-powered site. Easy access to a shared kitchen and bathroom facilities is always part of the deal.
9 Farmstays: Farmstays are a unique accommodation option if you want a real taste of rustic, authentic Kiwi farm life.
Often similar to a Bed & Breakfast, with a few extra hands-on activity options thrown in, your clients will stay in the home of their hosts.
Farmstay accommodation lets people feel like part of the farming family and is great when traveling with a couple of friends or children.
10 Boutique Accommodation: Choose from a diverse range of accommodation that encompasses historic estates, vineyard cottages or boutique guest houses, typically providing unique facilities, location, service and guest experiences.
Wake up to a spectacular alpine vista or a scenic freshwater lake – boutique accommodation can be a treat for the night or for your entire holiday.
Q.9. Discuss in detail the social, political and environmental impact of tourism.
Ans: Social impact of tourism:
Society is a community or broad grouping of people living in a certain area that has common traditions, institutions, activities, and interests. TS 1 Free Solved Assignment
In fact, society is a system of relationships of people who share some sense of common identity. It may be small like a family/ locality or large a whole of the nation. Culture is
the practices of that society that binds people of the society together.
It includes manners, morals, beliefs, behavior, values and norms. A good manner is a socially acceptable way of relationship.
Negative Social impact of tourism:
There are many negative social-cultural impacts of tourism particularly at the destination places. Important among them are:
i. It reduces the bonding of family structure and promotes nuclear family norms.
ii. It encourages urbanization emigration.
Positive Social impact of tourism:
There are positive social-cultural impacts of tourism also, particularly at the destination places. Some of them are: TS 1 Free Solved Assignment
i.Tourism provides an appropriate opportunity to get acquainted with people of many cultural groups from national and international origins.
ii. Tourism has a component of education. Through education, tourism promotes understanding between peoples of two or more cultural groups together. It offers cultural exchange between hosts and guests.
Political impact of tourism:
Political impacts are seen on tourism rather than tourism impacts on the politics directly.
But indirectly,the governments of the developed countries, from where the well-off tourists come, influence the governments for a congenital condition to be provided to the visitors.
Everyone is very much concerned about the safe and secure journey to the tourist destination and back to the origin place. To get to know the visited area, as well as fun and enjoyment, is the main objective of tourism.
Negative Political impact of tourism:
There are many negative political impacts on tourism particularly at the destination places. Important among them are: TS 1 Free Solved Assignment
i. Sometimes, the governments of the tourist origin countries give a warning or issue advisory to their citizens not to visit such countries where political instability or conflict prevails.
ii. When the tourists are already visiting the country where some political instability comes in, a warning is issued to the citizens to leave the country at the earliest.
Positive Political impact of tourism:
There are many positive political impacts on tourism particularly at the destination places. Important among them are:
i.Political stability is of foremost concern to the tourists. Safely and security at any tourist destination attracts a large number of tourists.
ii. Law and order is the concern of the government. If it is well managed, it helps in the inflow of tourists. TS 1 Free Solved Assignment
Environmental impact of tourism:
Environment is the total surroundings or conditions in which a person, animal or plant lives or interacts. A person’s environment is made up of all that is, directly or indirectly associated with the living conditions.
It includes houses, buildings, fellow persons, animals, plants, land, water, temperature, light, air, flora and fauna, other human developed infrastructures etc.
The living plants and animals not only exist in the surroundings but also interact with each other.
Negative Environmental impact of tourism:
There are many negative environmental impacts of tourism particularly at the destination places. Important among them are: TS 1 Free Solved Assignment
i.The land use is altered significantly to construct houses, hotels, restaurants to meet the demand for the tourists and other people visiting the area.
ii. A large forest cover is removed. Agricultural land is replaced by buildings, roads and garbage disposal, etc.
Positive Environmental impact of tourism:
There are many positive environmental impacts of tourism particularly at the destination places. Important among them are:
i. Since large numbers of tourists are arriving and income is generated from the tourists, more and more environmental consciousness is expected.
ii. Sometimes, foreign, tourists give a good idea about minimizing stress on the environment and promoting sustainable tourism. TS 1 Free Solved Assignment
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