IGNOU MJM 22 Solved Free Assignment 2022- Helpfirst

MJM 22


MJM 22 Solved Free Assignment 2022

Q1. Identify the five most unique environmental topics affecting India. Explain how each one has (a) local implications and (b) international implications. State in each case to whom you would turn to for information. Convert one such case into a story pitch.

Ans: – Agricultural pollution refers to biotic and abiotic byproducts of farming practices that result in contamination or degradation of the environment and surrounding ecosystems, and/or cause injury to humans and their economic interests.

The pollution may come from a variety of sources, ranging from point source water pollution (from a single discharge point) to more diffuse, landscape-level causes, also known as non-point source pollution and air pollution.

Once in the environment these pollutants can have both direct effects in surrounding ecosystems, i.e. killing local wildlife or contaminating drinking water, and downstream effects such as dead zones caused by agricultural runoff is concentrated in large water bodies.

Management practices, or ignorance of them, play a crucial role in the amount and impact of these pollutants.

Management techniques range from animal management and housing to the spread of pesticides and fertilizers in global agricultural practices.

Bad management practices include poorly managed animal feeding operations, overgrazing, plowing, fertilizer, and improper, excessive, or badly timed use of pesticides.

Pollutants from agriculture greatly affect water quality and can be found in lakes, rivers, wetlands, estuaries, and groundwater.

Pollutants from farming include sediments, nutrients, pathogens, pesticides, metals, and salts. MJM 22 Solved Free Assignment 2022

Animal agriculture has an outsized impact on pollutants that enter the environment.

Bacteria and pathogens in manure can make their way into streams and groundwater if grazing, storing manure in lagoons and applying manure to fields is not properly managed.

Air pollution caused by agriculture through land use changes and animal agriculture practices have an outsized impact on climate change, and addressing these concerns were a central part of the IPCC Special Report on Climate Change and Land.

Air pollution is the contamination of air due to the presence of substances in the atmosphere that are harmful to the health of humans and other living beings, or cause damage to the climate or to materials.

There are many different types of air pollutants, such as gases (including ammonia, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrous oxides, methane, carbon dioxide and chlorofluorocarbons), particulates (both organic and inorganic), and biological molecules.

Air pollution can cause diseases, allergies, and even death to humans;

it can also cause harm to other living organisms such as animals and food crops, and may damage the natural environment (for example, climate change, ozone depletion or habitat degradation) or built environment (for example, acid rain).

Both human activity and natural processes can generate air pollution.

Air pollution is a significant risk factor for a number of pollution-related diseases, including respiratory infections, heart disease, COPD, stroke and lung cancer.

Growing evidence suggests that air pollution exposure may be associated with reduced IQ scores, impaired cognition, increased risk for psychiatric disorders such as depression[3] and detrimental perinatal health.MJM 22 Solved Free Assignment 2022

The human health effects of poor air quality are far reaching, but principally affect the body’s respiratory system and the cardiovascular system.

Individual reactions to air pollutants depend on the type of pollutant a person is exposed to, the degree of exposure, and the individual’s health status and genetics.

Outdoor air pollution alone causes 2.1 to 4.21 million deaths annually, making it one of the top contributors to human death.MJM 22 Free Solved Assignment

Overall, air pollution causes the deaths of around 7 million people worldwide each year, and is the world’s largest single environmental health risk.

Indoor air pollution and poor urban air quality are listed as two of the world’s worst toxic pollution problems in the 2008 Blacksmith Institute World’s Worst Polluted Places report.

The scope of the air pollution crisis is enormous: 90% of the world’s population breathes dirty air to some degree.MJM 22 Solved Free Assignment 2022

Although the health consequences are extensive, the way the problem is handled is often haphazard

A coral reef is an underwater ecosystem characterized by reef-building corals.

Reefs are formed of colonies of coral polyps held together by calcium carbonate. Most coral reefs are built from stony corals, whose polyps cluster in groups.

Coral belongs to the class Anthozoa in the animal phylum Cnidaria, which includes sea anemones and jellyfish.

Unlike sea anemones, corals secrete hard carbonate exoskeletons that support and protect the coral.

Most reefs grow best in warm, shallow, clear, sunny and agitated water.

Coral reefs first appeared 485 million years ago, at the dawn of the Early Ordovician, displacing the microbial and sponge reefs of the Cambrian.

Sometimes called rainforests of the sea, shallow coral reefs form some of Earth’s most diverse ecosystems.MJM 22 Solved Free Assignment 2022

They occupy less than 0.1% of the world’s ocean area, about half the area of France, yet they provide a home for at least 25% of all marine species, including fish, mollusks, worms, crustaceans, echinoderms, sponges, tunicates and other cnidarians.

Coral reefs flourish in ocean waters that provide few nutrients.

They are most commonly found at shallow depths in tropical waters, but deep water and cold water coral reefs exist on smaller scales in other areas.

Coral reefs have declined by 50% since 1950, partly because they are sensitive to water conditions.

They are under threat from excess nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorus), rising temperatures, oceanic acidification, overfishing (e.g., from blast fishing, cyanide fishing, spearfishing on scuba), sunscreen use, and harmful land-use practices, including runoff and seeps (e.g., from injection wells and cesspools)

Flooding is a temporary overflow of water onto land that is normally dry. Floods are the most common natural disaster in the United States.

Failing to evacuate flooded areas or entering flood waters can lead to injury or death.

Floods may:MJM 22 Solved Free Assignment 2022

• Result from rain, snow, coastal storms, storm surges and overflows of dams and other water systems.

• Develop slowly or quickly. Flash floods can come with no warning.

• Cause outages, disrupt transportation, damage buildings and create landslides.

Flooding may occur as an overflow of water from water bodies, such as a river, lake, or ocean, in which the water overtops or breaks levees, resulting in some of that water escaping its usual boundaries, or it may occur due to an accumulation of rainwater on saturated ground in an areal flood.MJM 22 Solved Free Assignment 2022

While the size of a lake or other body of water will vary with seasonal changes in precipitation and snow melt, these changes in size are unlikely to be considered significant unless they flood property or drown domestic animals.

A landslide is defined as the movement of a mass of rock, debris, or earth down a slope.

Landslides are a type of “mass wasting,” which denotes any down-slope movement of soil and rock under the direct influence of gravity.

The term “landslide” encompasses five modes of slope movement: falls, topples, slides, spreads, and flows.MJM 22 Free Solved Assignment

These are further subdivided by the type of geologic material (bedrock, debris, or earth).

Debris flows (commonly referred to as mudflows or mudslides) and rock falls are examples of common landslide types.MJM 22 Solved Free Assignment 2022

Almost every landslide has multiple causes. Slope movement occurs when forces acting down-slope (mainly due to gravity) exceed the strength of the earth materials that compose the slope.

Causes include factors that increase the effects of down-slope forces and factors that contribute to low or reduced strength.

Landslides can be initiated in slopes already on the verge of movement by rainfall, snowmelt, changes in water level, stream erosion, changes in ground water, earthquakes, volcanic activity, disturbance by human activities, or any combination of these factors.

Earthquake shaking and other factors can also induce landslides underwater. These landslides are called submarine landslides.

Submarine landslides sometimes cause tsunamis that damage coastal areas.

Q 2. Scrutiny the national daily newspaper for a week and figure out an emerging topic. Write a backgrounder for that topic after taking due efforts of the relevant journalistic research.

Ans: – Omicron : Researchers in South Africa and around the world are conducting studies to better understand many aspects of Omicron and will continue to share the findings of these studies as they become available.MJM 22 Solved Free Assignment 2022

Transmissibility: It is not yet clear whether Omicron is more transmissible (e.g., more easily spread from person to person) compared to other variants, including Delta.

The number of people testing positive has risen in areas of South Africa affected by this variant, but epidemiologic studies are underway to understand if it is because of Omicron or other factors.

Severity of disease: It is not yet clear whether infection with Omicron causes more severe disease compared to infections with other variants, including Delta.

Preliminary data suggests that there are increasing rates of hospitalization in South Africa, but this may be due to increasing overall numbers of people becoming infected, rather than a result of specific infection with Omicron.

There is currently no information to suggest that symptoms associated with Omicron are different from those from other variants.MJM 22 Solved Free Assignment 2022

Initial reported infections were among university students—younger individuals who tend to have more mild disease—but understanding the level of severity of the Omicron variant will take days to several weeks.

All variants of COVID-19, including the Delta variant that is dominant worldwide, can cause severe disease or death, in particular for the most vulnerable people, and thus prevention is always key.

Preliminary evidence suggests there may be an increased risk of reinfection with Omicron (ie, people who have previously had COVID-19 could become reinfected more easily with Omicron), as compared to other variants of concern, but information is limited.

More information on this will become available in the coming days and weeks.

Effectiveness of vaccines: WHO is working with technical partners to understand the potential impact of this variant on our existing countermeasures, including vaccines.

Vaccines remain critical to reducing severe disease and death, including against the dominant circulating variant, Delta.MJM 22 Solved Free Assignment 2022

Current vaccines remain effective against severe disease and death.

Effectiveness of current tests: The widely used PCR tests continue to detect infection, including infection with Omicron, as we have seen with other variants as well.

Studies are ongoing to determine whether there is any impact on other types of tests, including rapid antigen detection tests.

Effectiveness of current treatments: Corticosteroids and IL6 Receptor Blockers will still be effective for managing patients with severe COVID-19.

Other treatments will be assessed to see if they are still as effective given the changes to parts of the virus in the Omicron variant.

At the present time, WHO is coordinating with a large number of researchers around the world to better understand Omicron.MJM 22 Free Solved Assignment

Studies currently underway or underway shortly include assessments of transmissibility, severity of infection (including symptoms), performance of vaccines and diagnostic tests, and effectiveness of treatments.MJM 22 Solved Free Assignment 2022

WHO encourages countries to contribute the collection and sharing of hospitalized patient data through the WHO COVID-19 Clinical Data Platform to rapidly describe clinical characteristics and patient outcomes.

More information will emerge in the coming days and weeks.

WHO’s TAG-VE will continue to monitor and evaluate the data as it becomes available and assess how mutations in Omicron alter the behaviour of the virus.

Q 3. Visit https://www.data.gov.in and, with the help of data available on this website or connected websites, write a news story for the publication like . Mention the data sources in your assignment.

Ans: – The Omicron variant of COVID-19 has been called a variant of concern by WHO based on the evidence that it has several mutations that may have an impact on how it behaves.

There is still substantial uncertainty regarding Omicron and a lot of research underway to evaluate its transmissibility, severity and reinfection risk.

When a virus is circulating widely and causing numerous infections, the likelihood of the virus mutating increases.MJM 22 Solved Free Assignment 2022

The more opportunities a virus has to spread, the more opportunities it has to undergo changes.

New variants like Omicron are a reminder that the COVID-19 pandemic is far from over.MJM 22 Free Solved Assignment

It is therefore essential that people get the vaccine when available to them and continue to follow existing advice on preventing the spread of the virus, including physical distancing, wearing masks, regular handwashing and keeping indoor areas well ventilated.

It is also crucial that vaccines and other public health measures are accessible everywhere.

Vaccine inequity leaves lower income countries – many of them in Africa – at the mercy of COVID-19.MJM 22 Solved Free Assignment 2022

Wellsupplied countries must urgently deliver the doses they promised.

Early findings suggest that Omicron might be less severe than the Delta variant, but more data is needed and WHO warns that it should not be dismissed as “mild”.

Studies are ongoing and this information will be updated as it becomes available.

It is important to remember that all variants of COVID-19 can cause severe disease or death, including the Delta variant that is still dominant worldwide,

which is why preventing the spread of the virus and reducing your risk of exposure to the virus is so important.MJM 22 Free Solved Assignment

India Records Over 90,000 New Covid Cases In 24 Hours

India reported 90,928 fresh COVID-19 cases on Thursday, over 56 per cent higher than the previous day’s cases.MJM 22 Solved Free Assignment 2022

In order to deal with the surge, the government is speeding up vaccination drives across the country. Those in the age group 15-18 are now being inoculated.

The number of deaths climbed to 4,82,876 with 325 more fatalities, the data showed.

A total of 2,630 cases of Omicron variant of coronavirus have been detected across 23 states and Union Territories so far, out of which 995 have recovered or migrated, according to the Union health ministry’s data updated on Wednesday.

Several states have announced restrictions like night curfew as Covid cases continue to rise.

Link :- https://www.mohfw.gov.in/

The Omicron tally in the country reached 2,630, with Maharashtra (797) topping the count, followed by Delhi (465), Rajasthan (236) and Kerala (234).

On Wednesday, the Centre confirmed the first Omicron-related death in the country — a 74-year-old man with comorbidities, who succumbed to the virus last week in Rajasthan’s Udaipur.MJM 22 Solved Free Assignment 2022

India is witnessing an exponential rise in the number of Covid-19 cases, which is believed to be driven by the Omicron variant, the Centre said on Wednesday.

In a letter Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Jammu and Kashmir and Bihar, Additional Secretary of Union Health Ministry Arti Ahuja pointed out a considerable decline in Covid-19 testing amid rising cases and positivity rate and said it is a “cause of concern”.

Q 4. Go to this UN document of SDG indicators – https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/indicators/ Global%20Indicator%20Framework%20after%20refinement_Eng.pdf and identify any one of the 169 indicators. ….write a news story for an online publication.

Ans: – The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) or Global Goals are a collection of 17 interlinked global goals designed to be a “blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all”.

The SDGs were set up in 2015 by the United Nations General Assembly (UN-GA) and are intended to be achieved by the year 2030.

They are included in a UN-GA Resolution called the 2030 Agenda or what is colloquially known as Agenda 2030.MJM 22 Solved Free Assignment 2022

The SDGs were developed in the Post-2015 Development Agenda as the future global development framework to succeed the Millennium Development Goals which ended in 2015.

The 17 SDGs are: (1) No Poverty, (2) Zero Hunger, (3) Good Health and Well-being, (4) Quality Education, (5) Gender Equality, (6) Clean Water and Sanitation, (7) Affordable and Clean Energy, (8) Decent Work and Economic Growth, (9) Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure, (10) Reduced Inequality, (11) Sustainable Cities and Communities, (12) Responsible Consumption and Production, (13) Climate Action, (14) Life Below Water, (15) Life On Land, (16) Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions, (17) Partnerships for the Goals.

Though the goals are broad and interdependent, two years later the SDGs were made more “actionable” by a UN Resolution adopted by the General Assembly.

The resolution identifies specific targets for each goal, along with indicators that are being used to measure progress toward each target.

The year by which the target is meant to be achieved is usually between 2020 and 2030. For some of the targets, no end date is given.

NO POVERTY SDG MJM 22 Solved Free Assignment 2022

Globally, the number of people living in extreme poverty declined from 36 per cent in 1990 to 10 per cent in 2015.

But the pace of change is decelerating and the COVID-19 crisis risks reversing decades of progress in the fight against poverty.

New research published by the UNU World Institute for Development Economics Research warns that the economic fallout from the global pandemic could increase global poverty by as much as half a billion people, or 8% of the total human population.

This would be the first time that poverty has increased globally in thirty years, since 1990.

More than 700 million people, or 10 per cent of the world population, still live in extreme poverty today, struggling to fulfil the most basic needs like health, education, and access to water and sanitation, to name a few.

The majority of people living on less than $1.90 a day live in sub-Saharan Africa.

Worldwide, the poverty rate in rural areas is 17.2 per cent—more than three times higher than in urban areas.MJM 22 Solved Free Assignment 2022

For those who work, having a job does not guarantee a decent living. In fact, 8 per cent of employed workers and their families worldwide lived in extreme poverty in 2018. One out of five children live in extreme poverty.

Ensuring social protection for all children and other vulnerable groups is critical to reduce poverty.

A sustainably managed environment is a prerequisite for socio-economic development and poverty reduction.

The natural environment supplies ecosystem goods and services that provide income, support job creation, poverty alleviation, contribute to safety nets and reduce inequity.

Climate change and exposure to natural disasters threaten to derail efforts to eradicate poverty.MJM 22 Solved Free Assignment 2022

A great bulk of the world’s poorest and most vulnerable citizens live in disaster prone countries and their number keeps increasing.

Those groups are disproportionally affected by shocks and stresses.

As temperatures rise, the likelihood and severity of climate-related disasters increase affecting lives and livelihoods, hampering the development efforts and reversing gains made in poverty reduction.

Targets linked to the environment : MJM 22 Free Solved Assignment

Target 1.5: By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters.

India and Goal 1 : MJM 22 Solved Free Assignment 2022

Global reduction in extreme poverty was driven mainly by Asia – notably China and India.

Between 2005-06 and 2015-16, the incidence of multidimensional poverty in India was almost halved, climbing down to 27.5 percent from 54.7 percent as per the 2018 global Multidimensional Poverty Index report.

Within ten years, the number of poor people in India fell by more than 271 million (from 635 million to 364 million).

Traditionally disadvantaged subgroups such as rural dwellers, scheduled castes and tribes, Muslims, and young children are still the poorest in 2015-16.

However, the biggest reductions in multidimensional poverty has been witnessed among the poorest and traditionally disadvantaged groups – across states, castes, religions and age-groups. MJM 22 Solved Free Assignment 2022

Multidimensional poverty among children under 10 has fallen the fastest.

In 2005-06 there were 292 million poor children in India, so the latest figures represent a 47 percent decrease or a 136 million fewer children growing up in multidimensional poverty.

The Government of India has many progressive schemes, including the world’s largest employment guarantee scheme, the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme, and the National Social Assistance Programme.

Targets :

➢ By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere, currently measured as people living on less than USD1.25 a day.

➢ By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions.

➢ Implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors, and by 2030 achieve substantial coverage of the poor and the vulnerable.

➢ By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance.

➢ By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate- related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters.

➢ Ensure significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources, including through enhanced development cooperation, in order to provide adequate and predictable means for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, to implement programmes and policies to end poverty in all its dimensions.

➢ Create sound policy frameworks at the national, regional and international levels, based on pro-poor and gender-sensitive development strategies, to support accelerated investment in poverty eradication actions.MJM 22 Solved Free Assignment 2022

Q 5. Many ideas for features come directly from news stories. They could include news backgrounders, profiles, interviews or many other categories……… Write a story pitch for anyone such case.

Ans: – India vs South Africa, 2nd Test, Day 4 Highlights: Dean Elgar Stars As South Africa Beat India To Level Series MJM 22 Free Solved Assignment

South Africa beat India by 7 wickets in the second Test at the Wanderers in Johannesburg to level the three-match series.

Proteas captain Dean Elgar was the hero for the home team for his unbeaten 96run knock. Elgar batted strongly in front of the Indian bowlers and stood like a rock in the chase of 240.

For India, Mohammed Shami, Shardul Thakur, and Ravichandran Ashwin picked one wicket each. The action will now shift to the decisive Test at the Newlands in Cape Town.

India Playing XI: KL Rahul(c), Mayank Agarwal, Cheteshwar Pujara, Ajinkya Rahane, Hanuma Vihari, Rishabh Pant(w), Ravichandran Ashwin, Shardul Thakur, Mohammed Shami, Jasprit Bumrah, Mohammed Siraj

South Africa Playing XI: Dean Elgar(c), Aiden Markram, Keegan Petersen, Rassie van der Dussen, Temba Bavuma, Kyle Verreynne(w), Marco Jansen, Kagiso Rabada, Keshav Maharaj, Duanne Olivier, Lungi Ngidi

PM Security Breach, Supreme Court Hearing Tomorrow :

The Supreme Court has been asked to hold the Punjab Chief Secretary and the Director-General of Police responsible and suspend them pending action. “It has to be ensured this doesn’t happen again,” the petitioner said.

Chief Justice NV Ramana told the petitioner to file a copy with the state and said the issue would be heard tomorrow.MJM 22 Solved Free Assignment 2022

The Punjab government – under fire from the BJP with an election due next month – set up a twomember panel. MJM 22 Free Solved Assignment

Justice Mehtab Gill, a retired judge, and Anurag Verma, Principal Secretary of the Department of Home Affairs, will submit a report within three days.

President Ram Nath Kovind met Prime Minister Modi at Rashtrapati Bhavan in Delhi.
The President received a first-hand account of the incident, his Twitter account said, adding that the President also expressed his concerns over the security lapse.

The BJP has released what it claims are internal memos of Punjab Police directing its officers to make “necessary security, traffic and route arrangements” for the Prime Minister’s visit.

These memos, the BJP claims, also warn of last-minute plan changes due to bad weather and that “farmers are likely to hold dharnas… may result in roadblocks… please make necessary diversion plans”.MJM 22 Solved Free Assignment 2022

A massive row broke out Wednesday when PM Modi, who was on his way to Ferozepur for an election rally, was stopped for 20 minutes on a flyover.

His convoy – he was travelling the 100 km from Bathinda to the rally by road after bad weather grounded his helicopter – was blocked by protesting farmers. He was stopped 10 km from the venue.

This morning the Home Ministry criticised Punjab Police for failing to prepare a contingency route for the PM’s visit, in line with protocol.

This was necessary given existing intel about protesting farmers in the area, a ministry official said.

Normally the SPG remains near the PM while state police sanitise routes and check for threats. MJM 22 Solved Free Assignment 2022

Questions have been raised, however, over the events that led to the convoy getting stuck on that flyover.

This includes the big point – why was he on an unsanitised route? Why did the PM’s security detail agree to a road trip if there was intel about protesting farmers, and did the police clear (did they get enough time?) the proposed route?

Union Minister Smriti Irani has led the chorus of political attacks on the Congress, accusing the party of “a murderous conspiracy to kill the PM”.

“The Congress hates him, now they want to harm him,” she declared, upping the ante ahead of the February-March election.

The Congress has hit back by asking if protocol was followed in this case.

Party spokesperson Randeep Surjewala pointed out that elaborate arrangements had been made but the route the Prime Minister was on was not part of the original schedule.

Chief Minister Channi, whom BJP chief JP Nadda accused of deliberately not fielding SOS calls, has refuted any such charge.MJM 22 Solved Free Assignment 2022

“As a Punjabi, I would die to protect you (the Prime Minister) …but there was no danger to his life. There was no security breach,” he stressed.

Telangana BJP Chief Released From Jail After High Court Order :

BJP’s Telangana unit president and MP Bandi Sanjay Kumar, who was arrested two days ago for alleged violation of COVID-19 prohibitory orders over a protest, walked out of the jail on Wednesday after the Telangana High Court ordered his release.

Talking to reporters after being released from the jail at Karimnagar, Mr Kumar vowed to continue the fight against the government order (GO) for the sake of teachers and other government employees and others.

Asserting that he is undeterred by his imprisonment, he said he was jailed while fighting for the cause of teachers and government employees and not because of any unscrupulous reasons. MJM 22 Solved Free Assignment 2022

He demanded that the state government amend the GO.

The BJP leader was arrested on Sunday night for alleged violation of COVID-19-related prohibitory orders in connection with a protest against the GO.

Alleging corruption by the ruling TRS, he asserted that his party would fight against it.

Earlier in the day, on a petition filed by Sanjay Kumar, the High Court directed that he be released on furnishing a personal bond.

How spike in fuel prices led to Kazakhstan govt’s resignation :

A sharp and sudden spike in fuel prices triggered a national crisis in Kazakhstan, with the government officially stepping down on Tuesday, following days of violent protests across the country.MJM 22 Solved Free Assignment 2022

Kazakh security forces on Thursday said that dozens of protestors and at least eight law enforcement officials were killed during an operation to restore order in the main city, Almaty, BBC reported.

Russia has sent in troops to assist security personnel in their efforts to restore order in the country. MJM 22 Free Solved Assignment

Kazakh President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev requested the support of the Moscow-led Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), a military alliance, comprising Russia, Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan.

On Tuesday, Tokayev declared a two-week state of emergency in Almaty as well as the western Mangistau province, where thousands of protesters have been seen storming government buildings and clashing with the police officials.

Internet services were promptly shut off and messaging apps were banned.

Australia bars Novak Djokovic, cancels entry visa :

World number one tennis player Novak Djokovic was denied entry into Australia on Thursday amid a storm of protest about a decision to grant him a medical exemption from COVID-19 vaccination requirements to play in the Australian Open.

The tennis star was transported to a quarantine hotel in Melbourne after being held at the city’s airport overnight and was told he would be removed from the country later on Thursday, a source close to the tournament told Reuters.

The saga, fuelled by domestic political point-scoring about the country’s handling of a record surge in new COVID-19 infections, created an international incident with the Serbian president claiming harassment of its star player.

Australia’s Border Force confirmed Djokovic’s visa had been revoked, while the source said the player’s lawyers planned to file an injunction to prevent his removal.

“There are no special cases, rules are rules,” Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison said at a televised media briefing.MJM 22 Solved Free Assignment 2022

“We will continue to make the right decisions when it comes to securing Australian borders in relation to this pandemic,” Morrison said.

Djokovic, who has consistently refused to disclose his vaccination status while publicly criticising mandatory vaccines, kicked off the furore when he said on Instagram that he had received a medical exemption to pursue a record-breaking 21st Grand Slam win at the Open starting January 17.

The announcement prompted outcry in Australia, particularly in tournament host city of Melbourne, which has endured the world’s longest cumulative lockdown to ward off the coronavirus. MJM 22 Solved Free Assignment 2022

mjm 23 free solved assignment 2022

mjm 24 free solved assignment 2022


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