IGNOU MEG 6 Free Solved Assignment 2021-22- Helpfirst

MEG 6

AMERICAN LITERATURE

MEG 6 Free Solved Assignment

MEG 6 Free Solved Assignment july 2021 & jan 2022

Q. 1. Comment on the theme of Wallace Steven’s poem ‘The Emperor of Ice-Cream.’

Ans. Background and Critical Appreciation: “The Emperor of Ice-Cream” is a celebrated poem from Wallace Stevens’ first collection of poetry, Harmonium. It was first published in 1922, so it is in the public domain.

The poem “wears a deliberately commonplace costume,” he wrote in a letter, “and yet seems to me to contain something of the essential gaudiness of poetry; that is the reason why I like it”MEG 6 Free Solved Assignment

“The Emperor of Ice Cream” is open to interpretation. Although the poem suggests meanings behind the words, it does not not explicitly state the meanings.

Whereas one reader may regard the planned festivity at the wake as disrespectful to the deceased woman, another reader may regard it as a positive response to the woman’s death. After all, life must go on.

The point is that perceptions of the world differ from person to person. They are like images on the canvases of painters from different schools of art, painters who have unique perceptions of reality even within their own school.

All of the painters could paint the same scene-a field of flowers, for example and all the paintings would be different in some way. MEG 6 Free Solved Assignment

The interpretations of the poem presented on this page are certainly not definitive or absolute. They are only one person’s interpretation of what the author presents.

The woman’s death presents an opportunity for her acquaintances to hold a party. The pleasure they will derive from the occasion apparently matters more than the memory of the deceased woman they are supposed to be mourning.

No doubt, the women who attend will pay homage to the muscular man who makes the “concupiscent curds” (Line 3) that is, appetizing, sensual curds that will constitute the ice cream. MEG 6 Free Solved Assignment

He and the ice cream represent sensual or physical pleasure. In turn, the “boys” (Line 5) will no doubt want to live it up with the “wenches” (Line 4), even if they are attending a wake.

Everyone wants to seize the day-carpe diem. The Emperor of Ice Cream will preside at the festivities, dispensing pleasure by the dollop.

Q. 2. Discuss the narrative structure in Huckleberry Finn.

Ans. The Narrative Structure in Hucklebery Finn: There are three important factors which are critical in the process of narration and one should keep these factors in mind.

These factors are: the storyteller, the events of the story, and the way in which the storyteller presents these events. The fourth element of four the process of narration is the audience-to whom the stories being narrated. MEG 6 Free Solved Assignment

There are a number of factors which influence the choice of the events that make a story and also how these events are presented.

Some of these factors are age, sex, race, social status of both the storyteller and the audience.

Another important aspect which must be looked carefully is the conventions governing the narration. Apart from this language used in the narration is also of great importance.

The novel which we are about to analyse is episodic in structure and therefore can be divided into three basic parts.MEG 6 Free Solved Assignment

Part One: Prelude to the journey of Escape

In this part of the novel is we can group the first 11 chapters of the book, as they all take place in the Saint Petersburg or places near Saint Petersburg.

The distinguished quality of the novel is apparent in the very first line of the novel with which it begins.

Here Huck, a character in a Twain’s previous novel Tom Sawyer, becomes a narrator of his own adventures, the adventures which we are about to experience.

Huck starts with talking about the events of the novel Tom Sawyer and how things changed in his life because of those events.

We also come to see Tom but for a very brief time. By the end of chapter 3 Tom Sawyer is dropped off from the narrative. MEG 6 Free Solved Assignment

It is important that we must notice the sharp turn in the narrative which takes place with the introduction of pork Huck’s drunken father in the chapter 4.

We learn that hug does not like the civilised ways for widow Douglas and her sister Miss Watson and is father treats him.

Therefore, in order to get away from all these problems he faked his own death and skates to Jackson’s Island. MEG 6 Free Solved Assignment

It is on this island that he meets Jim who has escaped too. Huck learns that Jim is scared that his owner Miss Watson is going to sell him down the river for $ 800.

Harkins attempt to get some news about the recent happenings learns that people are looking forward to capture Jim.

Both Jim and Huck leave the island on a raft down the Mississippi River to achieve freedom.

These 11 chapters actually prepare the narrative for the adventure, in the quest of freedom, to follow.

Part II: Journey on a Raft

Huck and Jim start down river on the raft, intending to leave it at the mouth of the Ohio River and proceed up that river by steamboat to the free states, where slavery is prohibited.

Several days’ travel takes them past St. Louis, and they have a close encounter with a gang of robbers on a wrecked steamboat. They manage to escape with the robbers’ loot.

During a night of thick fog, Huck and Jim miss the mouth of the Ohio and encounter a group of men looking for escaped slaves. MEG 6 Free Solved Assignment

Huck has a brief moral crisis about concealing stolen “property” – Jim, after all, belongs to Miss Watson – but then lies to the men and tells them that his father is on the raft suffering from smallpox.

Terrified of the disease, the men give Huck money and hurry away. Unable to backtrack to the mouth of the Ohio, Huck and Jim continue downriver.

The next night, a steamboat slams into their raft, and Huck and Jim are separated.
ndly Grangerfords, a family of Southern aristocrats locked in a bitter and silly feud with a neighboring clan, the Shepherdsons.

The development of a Grangerford daughter with a Shepherdson son leads to a gun battle in which many in the families are killed. While Huck is caught up in the feud, Jim shows up with the repaired raft.

Huck hurries to Jim’s hiding place, and they take off down the river.

A few days later, Huck and Jim rescue a pair of men who are being pursued by armed bandits.

The men, clearly con artists, claim to be a displaced English duke (the duke) and the long-lost heir to the French throne (the dauphin).

Powerless to tell two white adults to leave, Huck and Jim continue down the river with the pair of “aristocrats.” MEG 6 Free Solved Assignment

The duke and the dauphin pull several scams in the small towns along the river.

Coming into one town, they hear the story of a man, Peter Wilks, who has recently died and left much of his inheritance to his two brothers, who should be arriving from England any day.

The duke and the dauphin enter the town pretending to be Wilks’s brothers. Wilks’s three nieces welcome the con men and quickly set about liquidating the estate.

A few townspeople become skeptical, and Huck, who grows to admire the Wilks sisters, decides to thwart the scam.

He steals the dead Peter Wilks’s gold from the duke and the dauphin but is forced to stash it in Wilks’s coffin. Huck then reveals all to the eldest Wilks sister, Mary Jane.

Huck’s plan for exposing the duke and the dauphin is about to unfold when Wilks’s real brothers arrive from England.

The angry townspeople hold both sets of Wilks claimants, and the duke and the dauphin just barely escape in the ensuing confusion.

Fortunately for the sisters, the gold is found. Unfortunately for Huck and Jim, the duke and the dauphin make it back to the raft just as Huck and Jim are pushing off.

After a few more small scams, the duke and dauphin commit their worst crime yet: they sell Jim to a local farmer, telling him Jim is a runaway for whom a large reward is being offered. Huck finds out where Jim is being held and resolves to free him.

Part III: Freeing of Jim

This part of the novel consists of 12 chapters which are basically an elaborate plan by Huck and Tom in order to free Jim.

At the house where Jim is a prisoner, a woman greets Huck excitedly and calls him “Tom.” As Huck quickly discovers, the people holding Jim are none other than Tom Sawyer’s aunt and uncle, Silas and Sally Phelps. MEG 6 Free Solved Assignment

Phelpses mistake Huck for Tom, who is due to arrive for a visit, and Huck goes along with their mistake.

He intercepts Tom between the Phelps house and the steamboat dock, and Tom pretends to be his own younger brother,Sid.

Tom hatches a wild plan to free Jim, adding all sorts of unnecessary obstacles even though Jim is only lightly secured. Huck is sure Tom’s plan will get them all killed, but he complies nonetheless.

After a seeming eternity of pointless preparation, during which the boys ransack the Phelps’s house and make Aunt Sally miserable, they put the plan into action.

Jim is freed, but a pursuer shoots Tom in the leg.

Huck is forced to get a doctor, and Jim sacrifices his freedom to nurse Tom. All are returned to the Phelps’s house, where Jim ends up back in chains.

When Tom wakes the next morning, he reveals that Jim has actually been a free man all along, as Miss Watson, who made a provision in her will to free Jim, died two months earlier.

Tom had planned the entire escape idea all as a game and had intended to pay Jim for his troubles.

Tom’s Aunt Polly the as Huck and Tom. Jim tells Huck, who fears for his future – particularly that his father might reappear – that the body they found on the floating house off Jackson’s Island had been Pap’s. MEG 6 Free Solved Assignment

Aunt Sally then steps in and offers to adopt Huck, but Huck, who has had enough “Civilizing,” announces his plan to set out for the West.

MEG 6 Free Solved Assignment
MEG 6 Free Solved Assignment

Q. 3. Attempt a comparative reading of ‘A Clean Well-lighted Place’ and ‘The Bear’.

Ans. A Clean Well-Lighted Place and The Bear: Both the stories are different from each other.

“A Clean Well-Lighted Place” concerns itself with the fate of an old man and focuses on the time duration of four hours, and is only four pages long, while ‘The Bear ‘is a story of a growing of up a boy and focuses on the ten years of Ike’s life and is fairly long.

The story of A Clean Well-Lighted Place’ is simple yet complex. Action wise nothing much happens.

We see An old man sits alone at night in a café. He is deaf and likes when the night grows still. Two waiters watch the old man carefully because they know he won’t pay if he gets too drunk.

One waiter tells the other that the old man tried to kill himself because he was in despair. The other waiter asks why he felt despair, an says the reason was “nothing” because the man has a lot of money.MEG 6 Free Solved Assignment

The waiters look at the empty tables and the old man, who sits in the shadow of a tree. They see a couple walk by, a soldier with a girl.

One of the waiters says the soldier had better be careful about being out because the guards just went by. The old man taps his glass against its saucer and asks the younger waiter for a brandy.

The younger waiter tells him he’ll get drunk, then goes back and tells the older waiter that the old man will stay all night.

The younger waiter says he never goes to bed earlier than 3 a.m. and that the old man should have killed himself.

He takes the old man his brandy. As he pours it, he tells the old man that he should have killed himself, but the old man just indicates that he wants more brandy in the glass.

the older waiter that the old man is drunk, then asks again why he tried to kill himself. The older waiter says he doesn’t know. The younger waiter asks how he did it.

The older waiter says he tried to hang himself and his niece found him and got him down. The younger waiter asks why she got him down, and the older waiter says they were concerned about his soul.

The waiters speculate on how much money the old man has and decide he’s probably age eighty. MEG 6 Free Solved Assignment

The younger waiter says he wishes the old man would leave so that he can go home and go to bed with his wife.

The older waiter says that the old man was married at one time. The younger waiter says a wife wouldn’t do him any good, but the older waiter disagrees.

The younger waiter points out that the old man has his niece, then says he doesn’t want to be an old man.

The older waiter points out that the old man is clean and drinks neatly. The younger waiter says again that he wishes the old man would leave.

The old man indicates that he wants another brandy, but the younger waiter tells him they’re closing. The old man pays and walks away.

The older waiter asks the younger waiter why he didn’t let him drink more because it’s not even 3 a.m. yet, and the younger waiter says he wants to go home.

The older waiter says an hour doesn’t make much difference. The younger waiter says that the old man can just drink at home, but the older waiter says it’s different. The younger waiter agrees.

The older waiter jokingly asks if the younger waiter is afraid to go home early. The younger waiter says he has confidence. MEG 6 Free Solved Assignment

The older waiter points out that he also has youth and a job, whereas the older waiter has only a job.

The older waiter says that he likes to stay at cafés very late with the others who are reluctant to go home and who need light during the night time.

The younger waiter says he wants to go home, and the older waiter remarks that they are very different.

The older waiter says he doesn’t like to close the café in case someone needs it. The younger waiter says there are bars to go to, but the older waiter says that the café is clean and well lit. They wish each other good night.

The older waiter continues thinking to himself about how important it is for a café to be clean and well lit. He thinks that music is never good to have at a café and that standing at a bar isn’t good either.

He wonders what he’s afraid of, deciding it’s not fear but just a familiar nothing. He says two prayers but substitutes “nada” (Spanish for “nothing”) for most of the words.

When he arrives at a bar, he orders a drink and tells the bartender that the bar isn’t clean. The bartender offers another drink, but the waiter leaves.

He doesn’t like bars, preferring cafés. He knows that he will now go home and fall asleep when the sun comes up. He thinks he just has insomnia, a common problem.

While the bear has a proper story. “The Bear” primarily recounts the adventure and exploits of an annual, late autumn hunting expedition in the wild lands of the Tallahatchie River region in mythical Yoknapatawpha County.MEG 6 Free Solved Assignment

Told from Ike’s perspective in simple, straightforward language, the narrative is divided into five sections.

The first three sections comprise an account of the pursuit of legendary Old Ben, a huge and elusive ancient bear with a mutilated paw.

As the tale unfolds, the adolescent Ike learns to hunt under the guidance of expert tracker Sam Fathers, a noble huntsman who is the son of a Chickasaw Indian and an African slave.

Sam also trains a fierce, woodland dog called Lion, and together they track Old Ben.

When the dog eventually engages the bear in a death-struggle in the third section, however, another part-Indian member of the hunting party, Boon Hogganbeck, enters the fray and slays Old Ben with a knife-jab to its heart.

Simultaneously, Sam suffers a seizure and later dies; fatally wounded, the dog dies as well.

At this point, the hunting narrative breaks off and a seemingly different one begins.

Omitted from the version of “The Bear” that appears in Big Woods (1955), Faulkner’s last story collection published during his lifetime, the fourth section is a lengthy, convoluted dialogue between Ike and his cousin Carothers (“Cass”) Edmonds in which Ike repudiates his inheritance of the McCaslin plantation upon discovering miscegenation and incest in his family’s history.

Written in a complicated, stream-of-consciousness style (for example, one long passage totaling more than 1800 words and spanning several pages incorporates quoted matter and several paragraphs yet contains no periods ate the start and end of sentences),

the fourth section begins when Ike is 21 years old and outlines the social responsibilities and inherent guilt attached to his grandfather’s legacy. MEG 6 Free Solved Assignment

The final part of The Bear” resumes the hunting narrative. When Ike returns two years later to the place where Lion, Old Ben, and Sam died, he experiences an emotional reverie on the immortality of all life.

Afterward, he presses deeper into the woods and encounters Boon, who hysterically orders Ike to leave him alone beneath a tree swarming with squirrels.

Hemingway scholars have commented on the presence of three characters in three different stages of life as an allegory demonstrating the progression of an individual’s outlook on life as that individual gets older.

At first, the individual lives confidently and unthinkingly, accepting the conventions of job and family as sufficient to give meaning to his or her in this case, his) life, but as he gets older, he begins to question the types of meaning that have been imposed on his existence and finds them hollow.

He may attempt to impose his own set of meanings and values on himself, but ultimately, Hemingway implies, he will fail and slip into the realization that life is nothing and he is nothing.

Once this realization is reached and he grows old, he falls into despair at the nearness of death and the futility of his life, and may well choose to end his existence on his own terms rather than wait for events to overtake him.MEG 6 Free Solved Assignment

Perhaps, with this choice, he is finally able to take some control over his destiny.

The words and actions of the middle-aged waiter form the basic philosophical structure of “A Clean, Well Lighted Place,” but Hemingway sharply contrasts his beliefs with those of the other two characters, the young waiter and the old man.

Unlike the middle-aged waiter, the young waiter is in a hurry, he has something to live for, namely, getting home to his wife.

He has “everything,” youth, confidence, and a job.” He seems to have everything going for him and retains his purpose in life; he does not seem to understand the depression that has overtaken his colleague, nor why his colleague is drawn to the “clean, well lighted” café.

The old man is at a different stage of his life from both the young and middle-aged waiters. He has already tried to take his own life once because he was in despair” over “nothing,” and stays drinking late at the café because he does not want to go home and because he is lonely.

Hemingway does not give the reader as much insight into the old man’s thoughts as into those of the two waiters, so it is difficult to say whether the old man’s despair is of the existential nihilistic variety or is due to a death in the family or any number of other depressing occurrences.

On the other hand, the “nothing” that he is in despair over echoes the “nada” of the middle-aged waiter’s later soliloquy, and suggests that the old man has simply gotten tired of the futility of existence and that’s why he attempted suicide.

The charcaers in The Bear’ are different. Contrasted with the wild, solemn, primal forest in the story is the dry, orderly human Commissary, where Isaac reads Buck and Buddy’s old ledgers and imprints a sense of the evil of land ownership and the warped thinking that justifies it.

When he rejects his birth right-rejecting even the idea that it is his birth right-by refusing to inherit the plantation, he does so both because of his experiences in the wilderness and because of his sense of the evil that stems from ownership.

In his argument with McCaslin Edmonds, Isaac traces the curse of ownership from Biblical parables to European history to the institution of slavery and the downfall of the South during the Civil War. MEG 6 Free Solved Assignment

He says that he will be free – and in this moment, Old Ben becomes, in memory, a symbol of a wild, fierce freedom, so keen to defend itself that it constantly threw itself into harm’s way simply to accomplish the defense.

In this way, Old Ben becomes a symbol both of untamed nature and of some principle of freedom and independence in the human spirit.

Isaac, whose feelings form the thematic center of the novel, had earlier believed that killing the buck required him to make his life worthy of what he had taken from the animal he hunted; now the spiritual internalization of Old Ben enables him to make his life worthy of the great bear’s indomitable will and of his death.

In any event, Isaac remains morally committed to nature and to hunting; in his final trip to the camp, he sees a giant rattlesnake that seems to be the same kind of manifestation as the giant buck in “The Old People,” and, like Sam Fathers with the buck, he calls it “grandfather.”

In rejecting the patrimony of Carothers McCaslin, Isaac reaffirms his acceptance of the patrimony of nature.

The first most obvious contrast between the two short stories is authorial style. Hemingway writes short sentences that are enhanced by metaphor, symbolism, and imagery.

His sentences tell as much about the story indirectly as they do directly. For example, Hemingway’s opening description of the deaf old man provides a metaphor to support his thesis that life, after the verve of youth is gone, is “nada” and “nothing.”

It also provides a foreshadowing of the old waiter’s soliloquy and solitary experience with seeking dignity and lying in a sleepless bed, which so sharply contrasts with the young waiter’s warm bed.

Faulkner, on the other hand, writes long sentences, for example, consider his second paragraph: MEG 6 Free Solved Assignment

He had listened to it for years: the long legend of corncribs rifled, of shotes and grown pigs and even calves carried bodily into the woods and devoured, of traps and deadfalls overthrown and dogs mangled and slain, and shotgun and even rifle charges delivered at point-blank range and with no more effect than so many peas blown tough,

a tube by a boy-a corridor of wreckage and destruction beginning back before he was born, through which sped, not fast but rather with the ruthless and irresistible deliberation of a locomotive, the shaggy tremendous shape.

While Faulkner’s sentences make use of imagery, “the ruthless and irresistible deliberation of a locomotive,” they rely much less on metaphor and symbolism than do Hemingway’s sentences.

The most obvious way in which the stories are comparable is in the tone.

Both stories express existential angst with tones of despondency and existential despair, though Faulkner’s story adds a raw brutality of tone: “of traps and deadfalls overthrown and dogs mangled and slain, ….”

It was all a nothing and a man was a nothing too. It was only that …. (Hemingway, “A Clean, Well-Lighted Place”).

He was ten. But it had already begun, long before that day when at last he wrote his age in two figures and he saw for the first time … the tremendous bear with one trap-ruined foot …. (Faulkner, “The Bear”). MEG 6 Free Solved Assignment

Q. 4. Discuss The Scarlet Letter as a romance novel.

Ans. There are three important characters in the story. There is Hester Prynne, accused of adultery who is made to stand at the scaffold of the pillory along with her child.

The letter A in scarlet signifying an adulteress is fixed on her bosom and the men and women of Boston who stand around her, look at her with contempt.

The story unfolds in mid-17th century Boston in New England. The people of New England by choice were Puritans. They could not forgive Hester for her adultery. They considered her as a fallen woman.

The punishment in those days for this crime was death itself. Even though Hawthorne was born and brought up in utopian, Puritan atmosphere,

he did not fully accept and agree with the stringent dealings of the infractions and violations of natural human feelings like ‘falling in love’.

This indicates that Hawthorne’s desire to end the story with love’s triumph over various obstacles.

The Scarlet Letter brings to sharp focus Hawthorne’s boldness in beginning a romance novel among the community, which existed in New England at that period. His narrative shows a strong dislike towards the Puritans. MEG 6 Free Solved Assignment

It makes the reader to support and approve of the actions of Hester and Pearl. The priest Dimmesdale sympathizes and defends Hester’s right to bring up the child.

This is evident from the scene in the Governor’s house.

The natural human urge to fall in love is very clearly defended and supported in the narrative.

The story was able to bind the opposing and conflicting outlooks. While for Dimmesdale, the sexual relationship between Hester and the priest was a sin, for Hester, “What we did, had a consecration of its own.”

One can look at the tale as a tussle between sin and redemption. One can also look at it as a love story and a romance.

The scaffold scenes depict the sin and redemption drama and the forest scenes are poetic and joyous indicating love in the air.

The text is a synthesis of opposing and conflicting concerns. Commenting on this ambiguity, Scavan Bercovitch says, “It entails a sustained open-ended tension between fundamentally conflicting outlooks.”

Even to the Puritans of Boston, The Scarlet Letter ceases to be a badge of sin and redemption and becomes holy as a cross on a nun’s bosom.

The people in Boston who were inimical to Hester’s aggressive stance against Puritan outlook, eventually accepts her as a holy nun. In Hawthorne’s romance The Scarlet Letter, love definitely triumphs over several obstacles.

Q. 5. How is nature presented in Whiteman’s Poetry. Discuss.

Ans. Whitman refers to the reader and involves him in all his experiences. Wordsworth has a tone of melancholy and brooding as a loner who is observing the scene from a distance.

Wordsworth is called a nature poet for his innate ability to describe and be one with nature. His observation of the town, the lonely girl with a sickle or nature itself is picturesque and ecstatic.MEG 6 Free Solved Assignment

Though there are traces of similarities between Wordsworth’s love of nature and Whitman’s depiction of nature, they are two different interpretations.

Comparing the solitary nature of Wordsworth, to that of the conversational tone of Whitman sounds superior. In Song of Myself’ he asks his readers –

“Have you reckoned a thousand acres much?
Have you reckoned the earth much ?”

In other words, unless the reader is able to respond to the sheer diversity and glory of earth, he would not be able to grasp the full meaning of the text.

In ‘When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloomed’ Whitman brings out the awareness of the return of the spring while on the subject of death and mourning.

Gloom and death are juxtaposed with spring and life. The nature is in full bloom when the corpse is lying in the coffin.

He depicts nature as being in two moods of morning and being in the process of awakening and rebirth.

The poem has a vast storehouse of descriptions of things in nature. Starting with the rustle of the green leaves, the silence of the dry leaves, the thrush singing somewhere in the swamp, the gorgeous looking, sinking sun, the green and resplendent grass, he succeeds in capturing nature in its essence.

The unbreakable unity of the song of the Thrush, the drooping Venus and the lilac in his hands is projected in section thirteen of the poem in the following lines –

Sing on, sing on, you gray bird,
Sing from the swamps, the recesses, pour your chant from the Bushes,”

There are enchanting descriptions of the scenery of his land with its lakes and forests, farms and fields, winds and storms. He describes the land where men and women toil and extract the bounty of nature. MEG 6 Free Solved Assignment

“A Passage to India” is a very different poem, which portrays the poet’s belief in globalization.

Though not much scope for descriptions of nature as in his other poems, he brings a wealth of descriptions of the strange landscape, the pure sky and the sand around the channel.

He describes the vast lands in the new world and Asia and Europe. He pictures for us the vivid image of the locomotives rushing and roaring, the temples dedicated to the sun, lofty towers and towers as red as roses.

He describes also the glimpse of the mountains, the Wind River. The Wahsatch Mountains, Monument Mountains and the eagle’s Nest.

He encompasses the entire continent. The journey is more than a physical one. It was through the eyes of the poet we see nature and its bounty.

The land of the Indus and Ganges had stimulated the imagination of the poet so much that we can see that he refers to India as the wealthiest of the earth’s lands.

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