IGNOU MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment 2021-22- Helpfirst

MEG 11

AMERICAN NOVEL

MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment July 2021 & Jan 2022

Q.1. Discuss the narrative technique of The Catcher in the Rye.

Ans. Catcher in the Rye by JD Salinger is a first-person narrative. The story is told from the perspective of a character called Holden, as if he were confiding in the reader. We get a sense of his character from the language he uses.

“The Catcher in the Rye” is now commonly regarded as one of the greatest novels in American literature. The novel focuses on Holden Caulfield, a teenager who runs off to New York City and embodies youth angst and rebellion in America.

There are numerous literary techniques used by Salinger in the narration of “The Catcher in the Rye,” most of which are common to the postmodern literary movement.

The style of The Catcher in the Rye is highly self-conscious and vernacular, defining the main character while keeping the reader aware that the story is a creation of its narrator. The voice is characterized by Holden’s colloquial and frank use of language.

As the reader notices from the very first sentence, Holden makes liberal use of 1950s-era slang (like “lousy” and “swell”) and drops curse words (like “hell” and “damn”) frequently.

Much as Holden is a self-described “exhibitionist” who shows off to impress other people, his use of slang and profanity graws attention to itself, suggesting he is trying to create an impression of himself as tough and rebellious.MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

In addition to marking his desire to be seen as rebellious, Holden’s language also indicates his immaturity.

Rather than using profanity for emphasis, or to express extreme emotion, Holden uses words like “goddamn” as verbal placeholders, examples of the intellectual laziness Mr. Spencer points out in their meeting.

Like Holden, the other boys at Pency swear and use slang frequently, suggesting that Holden also may be “dumbing down” his speech to fit in with his peers.

The more emotionally mature, independent characters in the book-such as Mr. Spencer, Mr. Antolini, Sally, Carl Luce, and even Phoebe-rarely rely on slang and frequently ask Holden to stop swearing.

The style of The Catcher within the Rye is very self-conscious and vernacular, defining the most character while keeping the reader aware that the story may be a creation of its narrator. MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

The voice is characterized by Holden’s colloquial and frank use of language, because the reader notices from the very first sentence,

Holden makes liberal use of 1950s-era slang (like “lousy” and “swell”) and drops curse words (like “hell” and “damn”) frequently very much like Holden may be a self-described “exhibitionist” who shows off to impress people, his use of slang and profanity draws attention to itself, suggesting he’s trying to make an impact of himself as tough and rebellious. additionally, to mark his desire to be seen as rebellious,

Holden’s language also indicates his immaturity instead of using profanity for emphasis, or to precise extreme emotion, Holden uses words like “goddamn” as verbal placeholders, samples of the intellectual laziness Mr. Spencer points call at their meeting.

Like Holden, the opposite boys at Pency swear and use slang frequently, suggesting that Holden also could also be “dumbing down” his speech to suit in together with his peers.

The more emotionally mature, independent characters within the book-such as Mr. Spencer, Mr. Antolini, Sally, Carl Luce, and even Phoebe-rarely believe slang and regularly ask Holden to prevent swearing. MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

Yet another characteristic of Holden’s voice is that the pervasive use of filler phrases and qualifiers, which mimic the rhythms of speech, and also signalize to his trustworthiness as a narrator.

Holden has many unique verbaltics, like “sort of,” “I mean it,” “really,” “all that,” and “boy.” as an example, when Holden approaches his history teacher’s study, he says “His door was open, but I kind of knocked thereon anyway, just to be polite and every one.”

The sentence features a spoken quality that feels faithful the way an adolescent might tell the story, and also conveys Holden’s ambivalence about seeing his teacher.

The ambivalent, second-guessing style enforces the sense of Holden as an uncertain character who doesn’t know himself or his own desires.

Later, he says, “All of a sudden, i made a decision what I’d really do, I’d get the hell out of Pencey-right that very same night and every one.” he’s simultaneously ambivalent and impulsive, working on his whims before thinking them through.

His extreme self-consciousness and wish to over-explain his thought processes underscore how troubled and confused Holden is. It also keeps us aware that he’s crafting his story for a particular effect, with limited success.MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

Holden isn’t the sole character within the novel together with his own unique voice. All of the characters-from the pimp, Maurice, to Holden’s former classmate, Carl Luce–have particular ways of speaking.

Characters from lower-class backgrounds, like Maurice and therefore the cab driver, Horwitz, speak with heavy regional accents and have poor grammar.

For example, Maurice says, “I awreddy got it, Sunny,” and Horwitz says, “The fish don’t go no place.” against this characters with upper-class backgrounds almost like Holden typically speak in complete, sophisticated sentences and use few curse words or filler phrases.

Holden considers these characters “phony.” Take, for instance, when Mr. Antolini says, “So you and Pencey are not any longer one.”

Holden internally criticizes his former teacher for his speech: “He always said things that way… He kind of did it a touch bit an excessive amount of.”

Holden’s narrative speech more closely resembles that of the uneducated characters than that of the more educated, “phony” ones. MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

But when he’s during a situation where he wants to seem sophisticated, he switches to a more elevated style, revealing his upper-crust background,

albeit Holden associates phoniness with education and wealth, he actually has more in common with the “phonies” than the class characters.

MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment
MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

Q. 2. Discuss The Great Gatsby as a novel of social criticism.

Ans. The Great Gatsby, a novel that illustrates society in the 1920’s, should definitely be considered as a social critique.

Scott Fitzgerald wrote this novel to demonstrate the social flaws and the social attitudes in the 1920’s and 1930’s or the Jazz Age, which is a time of prosperity and a booming economy.

In this novel, Fitzgerald is criticizing the corruption of the American Dream, the immorality of the 1920’s and injustice in society.MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

The most criticized issue in this novel, is the one of the corruption of the “American Dream”. The American Dream was based on the assumption that anyone, no matter what their social class is, could have prosperity if the have effort and skill.

This novel is about what happened to this American Dream and how the pursuit of wealth corrupted it. The characters in this novel are in constant pursuit of money, glamour, success and excitement to feel complete about themselves.

For example, Tom and Daisy are very materialistic, they want a big house, expensive items and everything that seems valuable.

Scott Fitzgerald wasn’t criticizing the American Dream itself, but the death of it. He wanted to show how the immoral people, who haven’t put in hard work and cheated, have all the money. MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

For instance, Jay Gatsby got his fortune through his dealings with organized crime, which was a empty form of success.

Gatsby needed his enormous mansion, his money and his fame before he could feel confident about winning Daisy back.

His transformation from James Gatz to Jay Gatsby shows how people can change themselves according to their ambition for wealth and prosperity, even if it has to do with criminal activities.

This showed how the American Dream pushed people who were crazy about money into crime or any immoral behaviors. MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

Jordan is another character in the novel the shows immoral traits, such has cheating during one of her golf tournaments or encouraging Daisy to have an affai.

In The Great Gatsby Fitzgerald offers up commentary on a variety of themes – justice, power,greed, betrayal, the American dream, and so on. Of all the themes, perhaps none is more well developed than that of social stratification.

The Great Gatsby is regarded as a brilliant piece of social commentary, offering a vivid peek into American life in the 1920s.

Fitzgerald carefully sets up his novel into distinct groups but, in the end, each group has its own problems to contend with, leaving a powerful reminder of what a precarious place the world really is By creating distinct social classes – old money, new money, and no money – Fitzgerald sends strong messages about the elitism running throughout every strata of society. MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

The first and most obvious group Fitzgerald attacks is, of course, the rich. However, for Fitzgerald (and certainly his characters), placing the rich all in one group together would be a great mistake.

For many of those of modest means, the rich seem to be unified by their money. However, Fitzgerald reveals this is not the case.

In The Great Gatsby, Fitzgerald presents two distinct types of wealthy people. First, there are people like the Buchanans and Jordan Baker who were born into wealth.

Their families have had money for many generations, hence they are “old money.”

As portrayed in the novel, the “old money” people don’t have to work (they rarely, if ever, even speak about business arrangements) and they spend their time amusing themselves with whatever takes their fancy. MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

Daisy, Tom, Jordan, and the distinct social class they represent are perhaps the story’s most elitist group, imposing distinctions on the other people of wealth (like Gatsby) based not so much on how much money one has, but where that money came from and when it was acquired.

For the “old money” people, the fact that Gatsby (and countless other people like him in the 1920s) has only just recently acquired his money is reason enough to dislike
him.

In their way of thinking, he can’t possibly have the same refinement, sensibility, and taste they have.

Not only does he work for a living, but he comes from a low-class background which, in their opinion, means he cannot possibly be like them.

The ambition to succeed is central in the American Dream and ambition is always present in The Great Gatsby, with several characters trying to get more than they already have.

In What Social Class is in America (2006), Warner, Meeker and Eels describe the concept of the American Dream as follows: “In the bright glow and warm presence of the American Dream all men are born free and equal. MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

Everyone in the American Dream has the right, and often the duty, to try to succeed and to do his best to reach the top”.

Since everyone is born free and equal they all have the same opportunities to succeed in life. Warner, Meeker and Eells, however, consider that interpretation of the American Dream to be contradictory.

If all men are born equal, there can be no top level to strive for. The authors claim that no such equality, neither in position nor in opportunity, exists and that a person’s opportunities is very much dependent on family background.

Fitzgerald portrays the American Dream in the character of Jay Gatsby. Gatsby succeeds in changing his life as he goes from having nothing to being very wealthy.

His success, however, comes during a corrupt time. Exactly how Gatsby made his fortune is not clear but it is clear that he is or was involved in some illegal business.

In Gatsby Fitzgerald shows that the American Dream is achievable but by adding the illegal aspect to Gatsby’s success he also problematizes the American Dream.

Gatsby’s success is dependent on the fact that he did not follow the rules of society.

In A Corruption of Character (2008), Michael Millgate considers Gatsby’s involvement in an illegal business to be criticism of the American Dream: “In stressing the corruption at the heart of Gatsby’s dream, MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

as well as exposing, in the revelation of Daisy’s character, the tawdriness of what the dream aspires to, Fitzgerald clearly intended a fundamental criticism of the American Dream…”

Q. 3. Discuss the distinctive feature of the American novel.

Ans. The Great American Novel is a canonical novel that is thought to embody the essence of America, generally written by an American and dealing in some way with the question of America’s national character.

The term was coined by John William De Forest in an 1868 essay. Although De Forest mentioned Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852) by Harriet Beecher Stowe as a possible contender, he noted that the Great American Novel had most likely not been written yet.

Writer Henry James shortened the term to GAN in 1880. The idea has evolved and continued into the modern age, although America’s national development has led to it being dismissed by some as no longer applicable.

The early 1900s saw the idea considered as “extinct as the dodo”. It did slowly resurge from the 1920s onwards. MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

Clyde Brion Davis and Philip Roth both wrote novels about the GAN, titled as such-the latter in the 1970s, a time of prosperity for the concept.

Since the concept’s creation an assortment of novels have been declared the GAN, ranging from The Last of the Mohicans (1826), to Invisible Man (1952), to Telegraph Avenue (2012). Interpretations of the GAN has also arisen.

Writers and academics have commented upon the term’s pragmatics, the different types of GANs and its relation to race and gender.

Equivalents to the GAN, such as the Great American painting and poem, have been proposed.

Portrayed directly, by dealing with his morals by signifying characters like the Leatherstocking hero (in Cooper’s novels) as the edifice morality in life; Melville and Hawthorne, by romanticizing the mysterious and mythicizing the reality, dealt with the contemporary social reality, indirectly.MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

In any case, man vis-a-vis his society is the core concern of the nineteenth century American novelist.

Also, as the American novel is different in its very definition, by its historical reasons of the formation of the American character, its definitions of the novelistic form varies with that of a European connotation of a novel.

For, if the nineteenth-century European novel described as settled social reality, with its main concern for the class conflict in a bourgeois milieu, the 19 Century American novel, by its reasons of historically evolving of a new society has to deal with a still forming society.

It was the land of social experimentation “in exploring the bases of moral values in individual’s relationship with his society.

In this sense, according to Lionel Trilling, “the American writers of the genius have not turned their minds to society”. MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

Further, he says that, the American novelists at that time sought only “a tangential” relationship to society.

The real basis of the novel has never existed in America because, there was no tension between a middle class and the aristocracy.

In any case, the main purpose of the American novel in the 19th century was to describe the complex of ideas and ideals which defined the beginnings of the great American experiment, in the New World, with its own kind of religion, culture and compulsions of environment and history.

If the 19th century English novel studied the impact of society on the individual in Dickens and George Eliot, in the American novel of the same time,

it was defining an individual, with his staunch commitment to (more than anything else), his authentic and unmistakable stamp of individualism.

MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment
MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

These qualities of the nineteenth-century American life, in its complex impact of tradition and environment, moral, religious, philosophical and expansionist purposes are sufficiently reflected in the American novel form, in the writings of at least three major novelists, namely Washington Irving, Edgar Allen Poe, James Fennimoor Cooper, Melville and Hawthorne.MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

There may be two important concerns for the novelists of the nineteenth century American, in an interrelated manner.

The main concern of these writers is to portray the individual’s relationship with his society.

If in writers like Cooper and Mark Twain, this many-sided relationship of the individual to his society was portrayed directly, by dealing with his morals by signifying characters like the Leatherstocking hero in Cooper’s novels) as the edifice morality in life;

Melville and Hawthorne, by romanticizing the mysterious and mythicizing the reality, dealt with the contemporary social reality, indirectly.

The characteristics of the 19th century American novel differ based upon the period to which is being referred to. MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

There were three different writing movements which took place during the 19th century: The Romantic Period, The American Renaissance, and The Realist Movement (Realism).

The main characteristics of the Romantic Period (dating 1800-1860) were:

  • The theme of the personal journey in regards to independence.
  • Romantics wished to move “life” from the corrupt urban areas to those of the nature-filled rural areas.
  • Romantics associated this area (the rural) with clarity, purity, and independence.

-The Romantics valued intuition and feeling over reason, the power of imagination, and viewed life as it should be (idyllic), instead of how it really was.

The American Renaissance (1840-1860-note the overlap with Romanticism) was a period that installed value in what it meant to be American.

The Renaissance writers wanted to examine the possibilities associated with human ability while paying special attention to an individual’s ego.

The American Renaissance writers desperately wanted to define themselves as American, and not British, writers. MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

The genre of novel gave the novelists a medium to speak freely to the world seeking comfort and knowledge contrasted to the other genres of literature in which apart from creativity a writer has to seek many other techniques of writing which sometimes hurdle the writer to express his or her true meaning.

The category is as wide as ‘poetry’: novels are long prose fictions, including every kind of Plot (tragic, comic), all styles and manners of dealing with their material (from the satiric to rhapsodic) and showing a capacity to cover every imaginative subject matter from all points of view.

They range from the popular Thriller to the most esoteric literary artifice. The capacity of the form to absorb other literary styles, its freedom to develop in any direction and its flexibility, have made the novel the major modern literary form.

There are many reasons which show the absence of cultural voices in the early American novel. First of all there was no authentic American language or medium of expression available for literary purposes. MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

Americans were in a process to coin new style of language that could be considered as the American language distinguished from the English style or Englsih writing style.

There was also lack of cultural support for the Americans to create new ideas or creative efforts.

America due to the impact of colonialism was not in a strong position to depict its utmost culture in its works of literature American culture tended to be parochial and generally distrustful of any written expression that was not didactic.

For example, clergy such as Janathan Edwards taught that reading novels was an indulgence leading to moral decline,

Due to an unstable society, there could be no stable “American” genre of the novel.

Cathy Davidson and others have argued that some novels tried to attain an ideological status (Revolution and the Word, 1986) which is a critique of the existing order, and that the more popular the genre became, the more those vested with cultural authority worried over their loss of dominance. MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

This was especially true because novels, unlike sermons, required no intermediaries for interpretation.

Q. 4. Comment on the notion of mothering in The Color Purple.

Ans. Alice Walker’s the colour Purple weaves an intricate mosaic of girls joined by their love for every other, the lads who abuse them, and therefore the children they look after.

In the first few letters, Celie tells God that she has been raped by her father which she is pregnant for the second time together with his child. Celie’s mother is sort of ill and after cursing Celie, dies, leaving Celie alone to face her father.

Celie then turns her attention to protecting her sister, Nettie, from her father’s sexual advances.

Celie soon marries Mr.(later called Albert) after her father strikes a bargain with the older widower, and Celie finds herself during a loveless marriage, caring for her husband’s four children and being regularly raped and beaten. MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

Celie becomes fixated on Shug Avery, a glamorous blues singer who is her husband’s mistress.

Several years later, Celie eagerly accepts the responsibility of nursing Shug back to health, thus beginning a lifetime of friendship and love between the 2 women.

The oldest of Celie’s stepchildren, Harpo, marries an independent young women, Sofia, and shortly after, Celie encourages Harpo to beat her into submission, even as all men have beaten Celie.

Sofia later confronts Celie about this betrayal, but that confrontation results in a deep and enduring sisterhood, and Sofia remains an independent, strong woman throughout the novel the 2 women create a “Sister’s Choice” quilt together-the symbolism of quilts permeates much of the novel.

even as scraps of fabric close to make a replacement, strong, useful product, so, too, can black women close to forge an identical strong and useful bond.

Sofia later punches the town’s white mayor, an act that lands her in prison and snatches the independence she so values. MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

By this point, she and Harpo have break up and brought other lovers, therefore the women in Sofia’s life combat the responsibility of releasing her from jail.

An alliance forms between Celie, Shug, Sofia’s sisters, and Squeak, Harpo’s mistress.

When trying to assist Sofia, Squeak is raped by her uncle, the prison warden, but in telling her friends about the rape, she becomes stronger, insisting that she is going to not be called by her nickname and starting to compose her own blues music.

Sofia is in a position to go away prison, but she finds herself caged nonetheless, working as a maid during a white household.

Meanwhile, Nettie has become a missionary in Africa and has written countless letters to Celie, all of which Albert has hidden.

Nettie, in spite of her upbringing, may be a self-confident, strong, faith-filled woman.

When Celie discovers Nettie’s letters, she not only catches abreast of her sister’s life, she also discovers that her own two children are alive and living with a missionary couple with whom Nettie works. MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

Nettie’s letters about their shared African heritage are a tonic to Celie, who becomes stronger and more self-assured a day.

That confidence soon turns to fury-over her rapes, her beatings, and therefore the love and affection the lads in her life have kept from her.

Nettie’s letters also demonstrate parallels between Celie’s world and therefore the African world, including the bond which will develop among the multiple wives of African men,

the deep friendship and love that exists between two women, the deep love of a person for a lady, and therefore the unrelenting structure of sex roles.

With her new-found strength, Celie confronts her father, whom she has just learned is her stepfather and not a blood relation, and this brings great relief to Celie, who now know that her children aren’t her brother and sister. MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

She also confronts Albert, leaves him, and moves to Memphis to measure with Shug, a move that stuns and pains Albert.

In Memphis, Celie, who started wearing pants when she gained her strength and self-confidence, opens a business as a pants maker.

Later, after Shug has taken on a male lover, Celie visits Albert, and that they develop a replacement bond that eventually grows into love and respect.

Nettie, still living in Africa, marries the now-widowed man who had adopted her sister’s children, thus becoming a mother to her niece and nephew.

Later, when Celie’s father dies, she and Nettie inherit his home, creating financial freedom for the 2 women. MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

At the novel’s end, the 2 sisters are reunited, while Albert and Harpo have learned to require on new roles within the household and in their relationships.

Note that the novel’s title is alluded to in Letter 12, when Celie associates the colour purple with royalty and longs for a purple dress.

But the title undoubtedly comes from a passage near the top of the novel, during which Shug says that she believes that it “pisses God off if you walk by the colour purple during a field somewhere and do not notice it.”

Q. 5. Attempt a critical analysis of Light in August.

Ans. Light In August was the primary book Faulkner published after gaining some public success with Sanctuary, the book he wrote for commercial gain only.

He published Light In August in 1931, thus beginning the amount of the publication of much of his best work. Light In August wasn’t as experimental because the two masterpieces that preceded it,

The Sound and therefore the Fury and As I Lay Dying, but continued and refined many of the themes that Faulkner had developed earlier in his career.

Light In August tells the interweaving stories of a cast of very different characters all trying to form their way within the South. MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

These characters inhabit Jefferson, Mississippi, the central town in Faulkner’s fictional Yoknapatawpha County, the setting of the many of his novels (and most of his greatest works).

Each of those characters highlights one or more of Faulkner’s favorite themes-Joe Christmas faces a crisis of racial identity and finds sexualized women horrifying,

Reverend Hightower is so hooked in to his family’s past that he’s barely alive, and Lena Grove may be a fallen woman.

While the themes are familiar, the characters are very different incarnations of them than those found in other Faulkner works.

Lena’s character is nothing like Caddy’s within the Sound and therefore the Fury, for instance, and in contrast to the Sartorises preoccupations in Flags within the Dust, Hightower’s obsession together with his family’s past isn’t associated with glory – and is actually much more complicated and obtuse.

Unlike the characters within the Sound and therefore the Fury or As I Lay Dying, the characters in Light In August aren’t held together by familial relationships.

This fact changes the tone of human interaction within the novel and extends the study of those interactions from the relatives to the community

The connections between the characters in Light In August aren’t immediately clear, and therefore the novel meanders structurally through each of the stories with considerable complexity. MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

this is often the most modernist feature of sunshine in August, for the writing is far more simplistic than, for instance, Faulkner’s next major novel, Absalom, Absalom!, also as Faulkner’s other modernist masterpieces.

Yet there’s also complexity within the tone of the novel, which varies dramatically from the rather comic romance between Lena Grove and Byron Bunch to the tragic, violent, and deeply disturbing story of Joe Christmas.

The style of this novel has often been criticized for its inconsistency and is usually presented as an example of Faulkner’s “undisciplined genius.”

Indeed, the work’s stylistic characteristics are manifold and sophisticated.

Faulkner incorporates sudden changes of narrative tense, from present to past and back again, and abrupt shifts in point of view, starting from the viewpoints of the main characters to viewpoints of characters who apparently haven’t any part within the main action in the least. MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

Faulkner also utilizes stream-of-consciousness techniques almost like the stress on key images found within the works of Proust or to what Joyce termed “radiating imagery,” while creating long compound words, also a Joycean technique, like “woman pink smelling,” “Augusttremulous,” “still winged,” and “woman shenegro.”

Epiphanies almost like those found within the works of Joyce also appear within the novel, as when Joe Christmas is caught within the glare of headlights after the murder of Joanna Burden.

Faulkner’s emphasis on all the senses is analogous thereto found within the poetry of T. S. Eliot, while the simplicity of his imagery is evocative of the works of Frost.

Faulkner mixes these elements with a flamboyant poetic diction that’s characteristic of the works of Stevens and includes the repetition of implicit interrogatives and phrases, like “grown heroic at the moment of vanishment” and “two inescapable horizons of the implacable earth.” MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

actually, his awkwardly repetitious use of manneristic expressions like “by ordinary,” “terrific,” and therefore the adverb “quite” seems to support the argument that the composition of this admitted masterpiece was sometimes hurried and even heedless.

The last two chapters of the novel-Hightower’s rambling retrogression into war history and therefore the resumption of Lena’s travels (this time with Byron)-achieve a way of open-ended comprehensiveness that indicates Faulkner’s epic concept of his novel.

Furthermore, it’s the universality of the epic genre which will account for the work’s apparently arbitrary grouping of stylistic elements.

Faulkner uses every angle of insight, every avenue of perspective, every mode of entry to compel the reader into the planet of the novel-a world complete with its own dimensions: of your time and space, of emotions, and of events.MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

As an epic, Light in August falls into the genre of search epics. Joe Christmas is checking out a light-weight which will give aiming to his existence, exploring, in turn, the sunshine of McEachern’s “home,” the sunshine of his adolescent town, the lamp of Bobbie Allen’s room, the inordinate streetlights of nameless ghettos, the sunshine of Joanna’s candle, and, finally, the sunshine of the flames of Joanna’s burning house-the “light in August” around whose central, sinister radiance all the most characters’ lives revolve.

That burning light brings their identities into momentary and terrible focus, disillusioning Lena of her dreams of trust and security, forcing Lucas Burch and Gail Hightower to confront their cowardice, MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

coercing Byron Bunch to contribute his lot irrevocably together with his love, ending Joanna’s ambiguously introverted life in perverted horror, and, with supreme irony, ultimately identifying Christmas through the reaction of the outraged town and, through this identification, ending his search in death.

The novel is additionally epic in its thematic scope, a scope embodied within the ambivalence of Joe Christmas himself, who, through no fault of his own, is tragically made to straddle two worlds-neither of which can accept him due to his reference to the opposite, neither of which he will accept due to his inherent inability to be singularly defined,

the 2 worlds, as Faulkner steeps them through the very fiber of his novel, could also be described as a sort of movable equation-an equation generally defined by the racial distinction between black and white. MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

On one side, Christmas confronts his African American identity, death (as stasis), darkness or artificial light, evil, fire, the feminine , sleeping, insanity, sin, savageness, violence, secrecy, cunning and deceit, softness, the fugitive state, belief, and passivity.

against these elements, but also mingling and mixing with them in unpredictable and unmanageable patterns, are his white identity, life (as kinesis and fluid movement), light, good, the sun, the male, being awake and aware, control, righteousness, calm, openness, durability and determination, domestic security, knowing, and activity.

“He never acted like either a nigger or a man,” one among his murderers comments at the top.MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

Because Christmas couldn’t find himself on either side of the equation, because his entire life was a confusion between the 2 sides, his epic quest ends in his own individual death and within the symbolic death of the community of Jefferson.

It is because Faulkner envisioned Christmas as an epic hero that he identified him with Christ, not only in name only but also in his peculiar silences, his master-disciple relationship with Brown, MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

his capture on a Friday, Joanna’s resemblance to both Mary Magdalene and therefore the Virgin Mary, his thirty years of personal life (about which the narrator reveals nothing specific), his refusal to complain when beaten at the top, and therefore the town’s final comment that “it was as if he had began and made his plans to passively kill.”

Light in August, however, is Christological only within the sense that it draws on Christian ideas to complicate and deepen the essentially secular, sociological myth that Faulkner constructs consistently within the entire saga of Yoknapatawpha County.

Light in August professes only the faith of humanity, a faith that has got to function during a world “peopled principally by the dead,” as Hightower, the rejected minister, remarks, this is often a completely unique of “mighty compassion.”MEG 11 Free Solved Assignment

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