Writing and Study Skills
BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Q 1. How are new words formed through affixation and compounding? Give examples of both.
Ans. New words can be formed in a variety of ways, but two common methods are affixation and compounding.
Affixation is the process of adding prefixes and suffixes to existing words to create new words. Prefixes are added to the beginning of a word, while suffixes are added to the end.
Prefixes can indicate negation, such as “un” in “unhappy,” or can indicate a change of meaning, such as “dis” in “dislike.”
Similarly, suffixes can indicate a grammatical function, such as “-er” in “teacher,” or can indicate a change in meaning, such as “-ness” in “happiness.”
Compounding is the process of combining two or more words to create a new word. This can be done by simply joining the words together, such as “toothbrush,” or by using a hyphen to connect the words, such as “book-shelf.”
Compounding can also involve combining words with different grammatical functions, such as “software,” which combines “soft” and “ware.“
One important thing to note is that, affixation can be both derivational and inflectional. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Derivational affixes change the grammatical category or the meaning of the base word, for example, “happiness” is a noun and “-ness” convert it into an adjective.
Similarly, “teacher” is a noun and “-er” convert it into an agent noun. On the other hand, inflectional affixes indicate the grammatical features such as tense, number, aspect, etc. For example, “-ed” indicates past participle, “-s” indicates plural, “-ing” indicates present participle, etc.
In summary, affixation and compounding are both ways in which new words can be formed by adding prefixes and suffixes, or by combining existing words.
These methods allow for a wide range of new words to be created, and can add depth and complexity to the language.
Q 2. Describe the various steps involved in the process approach to writing.
Ans. The process approach to writing is a method that involves several steps to help writers develop and organize their ideas effectively. These steps include:
Pre-writing: This is the initial stage of the writing process, where writers gather and organize their ideas. This stage can involve brainstorming, freewriting, clustering, or outlining. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Drafting: This is the stage where writers begin to put their ideas into written form. They may not worry about grammar, punctuation, or spelling at this stage and focus on getting their ideas down on paper.
Revising: After the initial draft is complete, writers go back and review their work to make changes and improvements. They may add, delete, or reorganize information to make their writing more effective.
Editing: In this stage, writers focus on the technical aspects of writing such as grammar, punctuation, and spelling. They check their work for any errors and make necessary corrections.
Proofreading: In this final stage, writers read their work carefully one last time to ensure that there are no remaining errors.
It is important to note that these stages are not always linear and writers may move back and forth between stages as needed.
Also, The process approach to writing encourages writers to see writing as a recursive process, and that revision and editing are important and ongoing parts of the process. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Q 3. Explain with suitable examples, how diagrams can be used to organize notes
Ans. Diagrams can be used to organize notes in a visual and easy-to-understand format. They can help to break down complex information and make it more manageable.
There are several types of diagrams that can be used for note-taking, including:
Mind maps: Mind maps are diagrams that start with a central idea and branch out to show related concepts. They can be used to organize notes on a specific topic, such as a scientific concept or historical event.
For example, a mind map on the causes of the American Civil War might start with the central idea of “causes” and branch out to show subtopics such as “economics,” “slavery,” and “states’ rights.”
Flowcharts: Flowcharts are diagrams that show the flow of information or steps in a process. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
They can be used to organize notes on a process or procedure, such as the steps involved in making a cake or the stages of mitosis.
Venn diagrams: Venn diagrams are diagrams that show the relationships between different concepts or ideas.
They can be used to compare and contrast two or more ideas, such as the similarities and differences between two historical figures or two scientific theories.
Timelines: Timelines are diagrams that show events in chronological order. They can be used to organize notes on historical events, such as the major events of World War II or the life of Martin Luther King Jr.
These are some examples of diagrams that can be used to organize notes, but there are many other types of diagrams that can be used as well, such as concept maps, spider diagrams, etc. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
The key point is that diagrams provide a visual representation of information, which can make it easier to understand, remember, and recall.
Q 4. What aspects should be considered while writing a process analysis?
Ans. When writing a process analysis, it is important to consider several key aspects to ensure that the information is clear, accurate, and easy to understand. Some of the aspects to consider include:
Audience: The audience for the process analysis should be considered and the language, tone, and level of detail should be appropriate for them.
Purpose: The purpose of the process analysis should be clear and the information should be organized and presented in a way that supports the purpose.
Sequence: The steps of the process should be presented in a logical order. The writer should ensure that the process is easy to follow and that the reader is not confused by the sequence of steps.
Clarity: The process analysis should be written in clear, concise language that is easy to understand. The writer should avoid using jargon or technical terms that the reader may not be familiar with.
Safety: If the process involves any safety hazards or precautions, they should be clearly noted and explained. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Equipment and materials: The equipment and materials required for the process should be listed and described in detail.
Time and cost: An estimate of the time and cost required for the process should be provided if applicable.
Tips and troubleshooting: Any tips or troubleshooting advice that may be helpful for the reader should be included.
Diagrams and images: It can be helpful to include diagrams or images to supplement the written instructions and make the process easier to understand.
Proofreading: The final step should be proofreading to ensure that the instructions are accurate and free of errors.
Q 5. How can cohesive devices be used to bring about coherence in a paragraph? Give suitable examples.
Ans. Cohesive devices, also known as cohesive ties, are words and phrases that connect different parts of a text and help to create coherence.
They help the reader to understand how the different parts of the text relate to each other. Here are some examples of cohesive devices and how they can be used to bring about coherence in a paragraph:
Reference words: Words such as “this,” “that,” “these,” “those,” “he,” “she,” “it,” and “they” can be used to refer back to a previously mentioned noun or pronoun. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
For example, “John went to the store to buy some milk. He also picked up some bread.”
Linking words: Words such as “and,” “but,” “or,” “so,” “because,” “therefore,” and “thus” can be used to link different ideas together and show the relationship between them.
For example, “I’m going to the park today because the weather is nice.”
Pronouns: Pronouns such as “it,” “its,” “this,” “that,” “these,” and “those” are used to refer back to a previously mentioned noun or pronoun. For example, “I saw a beautiful flower on the way to work. It had bright red petals.”
Synonyms: Reusing a key word from the previous sentence or clause in the next sentence or clause can create coherence and link ideas together.
For example, “I was feeling tired and exhausted. The long hours at work were taking a toll on me.” BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Transitions: Transitional words and phrases such as “furthermore,” “in addition,” “moreover,” “on the other hand,” and “in contrast” can be used to connect ideas and show the relationship between them. For example, “I like to eat healthy foods.
Q 1. What strategies would you adopt to become a critical reader
Ans. Becoming a critical reader involves developing the ability to analyze and evaluate texts, rather than simply reading them passively. Here are some strategies that can be adopted to become a critical reader:
Preview the text: Before reading, preview the text by looking at the title, headings, subheadings, and any illustrations or other visual elements. This will give you an idea of what the text is about and what to expect.
Identify the main idea: As you read, actively look for the main idea or thesis of the text. Try to identify what the author is trying to say and what evidence or arguments they are using to support it.
Analyze the author’s style and tone: Pay attention to the author’s writing style, tone, and use of language. Consider how it might be influencing the way you interpret the text. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Evaluate the evidence: Look at the evidence the author uses to support their arguments. Is it credible, relevant, and convincing?
Question the assumptions: Be mindful of any assumptions the author might be making and question them. Try to understand the perspective of the author and also look for any potential biases.
Evaluate the structure: Consider the structure of the text, including how it is organized and how the different parts relate to each other.
Make connections: Try to make connections between the text and other information you already know. This will help you to understand the text in a broader context.
Reflect on your own reaction: After reading, take time to reflect on your own reactions to the text. Consider what you learned, what you disagreed with, and what you might want to explore further.
Practice: The more you read critically, the better you will become at it. Practice regularly and apply these strategies to different types of texts.
Q 2. What are the probable hard-spots in English Grammar, for those who learn English as a second language?
Ans. English grammar can be challenging for learners of English as a second language, due to the many irregularities and exceptions in the language. Here are some common “hard spots” that learners may encounter:
Tense usage: English has a complex system of tenses and learners may struggle with understanding when to use each one, as well as the various forms and verb forms. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Pronouns: English has many different types of pronouns, such as subject, object, possessive, reflexive, and relative pronouns, and learners may find it difficult to use them correctly.
Articles: English has a system of indefinite and definite articles, “a, an, the” and they can be difficult to use correctly, especially for learners from languages that do not have articles.
Prepositions: English has a large number of prepositions and they can be difficult for learners to use correctly, especially when it comes to idiomatic expressions.
Word order: English word order can be different from the word order of other languages, and learners may find it difficult to know when to use different word orders.
Adjectives and adverbs: English has a number of rules for adjective and adverb usage, such as adjective order and adjective-noun agreement, which can be difficult to master.
Gerunds and infinitives: English uses gerunds and infinitives in ways that can be different from other languages, and learners may find it hard to understand when to use each form.
Modals: English has a variety of modal verbs, such as “can, could, may, might, should, would” and they can be difficult to use correctly, especially when it comes to expressing degrees of certainty and possibility.
Phrasal Verbs: English has a large number of phrasal verbs, and they can be difficult for learners to understand and use correctly because of their idiomatic nature. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Q 3. How is persuasive writing different from argumentative writing? Illustrate your answer with examples of both.
Ans. Persuasive writing and argumentative writing are similar in that they both aim to convince the reader to adopt a certain point of view or take a certain action.
However, there are some key differences between the two types of writing.
Persuasive writing: Persuasive writing is focused on convincing the reader to adopt a certain point of view or take a certain action.
It often uses emotional appeals and rhetorical devices to persuade the reader, rather than logical arguments.
For example, a persuasive essay arguing for a ban on plastic bags might use emotional appeals and anecdotes to convince the reader that plastic bags are harmful to the environment.
Argumentative writing: Argumentative writing is focused on presenting a logical and well-supported argument for a certain point of view. It uses evidence and reasoning to persuade the reader, rather than emotional appeals.
For example, an argumentative essay arguing for a ban on plastic bags might use statistics and scientific research to show the environmental damage caused by plastic bags and to support the argument that a ban is necessary.
In summary, persuasive writing relies more on emotions and rhetorical devices to persuade the reader, while argumentative writing relies more on logical arguments and evidence to support the writer’s point of view.
Example of persuasive writing:
“Do you want to make a difference? Do you want to help save the planet? Then join the movement to ban plastic bags. These wasteful items are filling our oceans, killing marine life and destroying our environment.
Imagine the difference we could make if we all came together to say no to plastic bags. So next time you’re at the store, bring your own reusable bag and be part of the solution.” BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Example of argumentative writing:
“The use of plastic bags is a major environmental problem. They are not biodegradable and can take hundreds of years to degrade. They also pose a serious threat to marine life, as they are often mistaken for food and ingested.
A ban on plastic bags is necessary to address this problem. Studies have shown that cities that have implemented such bans have seen a significant reduction in the number of plastic bags in the environment.
Therefore, it is imperative that a ban on plastic bags be implemented on a national level.”
Q 4. Briefly describe the three major types of study skills and show how they help us to become better learners.
Ans. There are three major types of study skills: cognitive, metacognitive, and socio-affective skills.
Cognitive skills: These skills refer to the specific strategies that learners use to process information and to remember it. Examples of cognitive skills include summarizing, mnemonics, and elaboration.
These skills help learners to better understand and retain information.
For example, summarizing helps to identify the main ideas in a text, mnemonics help to remember lists or facts, and elaboration helps to relate new information to what learners already know. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Metacognitive skills: These skills refer to the strategies that learners use to plan, monitor, and evaluate their own learning. Examples of metacognitive skills include setting goals, creating a schedule, and self-assessing.
These skills help learners to be more aware of their own learning processes and to take control of them.
For example, setting goals helps learners to focus on what they want to achieve, creating a schedule helps learners to manage their time more effectively, and self-assessing helps learners to evaluate their own understanding of the material.
Socio-affective skills: These skills refer to the strategies that learners use to communicate and interact with others, such as peer teaching, study groups, and asking for help.
These skills help learners to gain new perspectives, to share their own understanding, and to receive feedback on their learning.
For example, peer teaching helps learners to explain and clarify their own understanding, study groups help learners to share ideas and resources, and asking for helps learners to receive guidance and support from others.
Overall, the three major types of study skills, cognitive, metacognitive, and socio-affective skills are interconnected and work together to help learners to become better learners. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
By developing and applying these skills, learners can improve their understanding and retention of information, take more control over their own learning process, and gain new perspectives and feedback from others.
This will ultimately help them to achieve their learning goals and become more successful in their studies.
Q 1. Write a paragraph of about 150 words on the topic given below.
Underline the topic sentence after writing the paragraph.
“Protecting our cultural heritage: aspects to be considered.”
Ans. Protecting our cultural heritage is crucial in order to preserve the history and identity of a community.
Cultural heritage includes everything from traditional buildings and monuments to art, artifacts, and even traditional practices.
When preserving cultural heritage, there are several key aspects that must be considered.
Firstly, it is important to understand the cultural significance of the heritage in question. This means identifying the historical, social, and cultural context of the heritage and understanding its importance to the community.
Secondly, it is important to involve the community in the preservation process. This means including local people in the decision-making process and ensuring that their voices are heard. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
Thirdly, it is important to use sustainable preservation methods. This means using techniques that will ensure the longevity of the heritage, while minimizing any negative impact on the environment.
Finally, it is important to consider the economic, social, and political factors that may impact the heritage. This means considering factors such as tourism, development, and political stability.
In summary, protecting our cultural heritage is crucial and it involves understanding the cultural significance of the heritage, involving the community in the preservation process, using sustainable preservation methods, and considering economic, social, and political factors.
Topic Sentence: Protecting our cultural heritage is crucial in order to preserve the history and identity of a community.
Q 2. Write a well – developed composition on the topic given below:
“Importance of providing skills training to students in Indian higher
Your composition should have a clear introduction, body and
Ans. The importance of providing skills training to students in Indian higher education cannot be overstated.
With the rapid pace of technological change and the increasing need for a skilled workforce, it is more important than ever that students receive the training they need to succeed in today’s job market.
In the introduction, it is essential to provide a clear and concise explanation of the problem and the background of the topic.
The problem is that higher education in India is not providing the necessary skills training to students, and as a result, many students are not able to secure employment after graduation. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
The background of the topic is that the Indian economy is growing rapidly, and there is a high demand for skilled workers.
However, many students are not receiving the necessary skills training to meet this demand.
The body of the composition should provide a detailed analysis of the problem and the reasons why providing skills training to students is important.
One of the main reasons is that it will improve employability and career prospects for students. With the skills training, students will have the knowledge and abilities required to succeed in the job market.
Additionally, providing skills training to students will improve the quality of the workforce in India, which will ultimately benefit the economy.
Another important aspect of providing skills training to students is that it will help to close the skills gap.
There is a significant skills gap in India, where there are not enough skilled workers to meet the demands of the job market.
By providing skills training to students, this gap can be closed, and more students will be able to secure employment.
In the conclusion, it is essential to summarize the main points of the composition and provide recommendations for further action.
The main points are that providing skills training to students in Indian higher education is essential to improve employability and career prospects, improve the quality of the workforce, and close the skills gap.
A recommendation could be that the Indian government should work with institutions of higher education to provide more skills training to students.
Additionally, private companies should invest in the education and training of their employees. BEGS 183 Solved Free Assignment 2023
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