IGNOU BEGS 183 Free Solved Assignment 2021-22- Help first

BEGS 183

Writing and Study Skills

BEGS 183 Free Solved Assignment

BEGS 183 Free Solved Assignment July 2021 & Jan 2022

SECTION A

I. Write short notes on the following:

1 Critical thinking strategies for good writing skills.

Ans: Critical thinking strategies for good writing skills: When you being drafting your essay or assignment or story, you must be a critical thinker in another way.

You have to become your toughest reader-critic. You must develop the skill of objectively reviewing what you have written at every stage. To be a reflective person, one needs to be aware of the following issues:

i) Learn to differentiate fact from the opinion: Remember a fact remains true, no matter who presents it.

Some statements are considered facts because they have been verified by research and generally accepted by everyone. BEGS 183 Free Solved Assignment

ii) Support your opinions with evidence: These could be examples and illustrations, statistics, opinions of experts or even experiences of family and friends.

iii) Evaluate the strength of your evidence: As you choose your evidence, you should ask yourself the question, “Are these points supporting my topic sentence?”

BEGS 183 Free Solved Assignment
BEGS 183 Free Solved Assignment

2 What are ‘homonyms’ and ‘homophones’? Give two examples of each.

Ans:Homonyms: Homonyms is one of a group of words that share the same spelling and the same pronunciation but have different meanings.

This usually happens as a result of the two words having different origins. The state of being a homonym is called homonym. BEGS 183 Free Solved Assignment

Examples: 1) spruce – tree, up 2) fair – price, color, event Homophones: Homophone is a word that is pronounced the same as another word but differs in meaning.

The words may be spelled such as rose (flower) and rose (past tense of rising) or differently such as to, two, and too.

Examples: 1) addition for math, edition for book. 2) pick a flower, bake with flour. All homonyms are homophones because they sound the same.

But not all homophones are homonyms.

Homophones with different spellings are not homonyms.
Examples: same spelling with different meaning 1) close – nearby, to shut 2) bow-to bend down, ribbon

3 Strategies for achieving coherence and cohesion in a paragraph.

Ans: Strategies for achieving coherence in a paragraph:

When you look at different paragraphs, each paragraph is developed slightly depending upon the information that you want to convey to the reader.

Moreover, when you write a paragraph of your own, choose the topic and write down all the points that you know about the topic. BEGS 183 Free Solved Assignment

As you make your list, do not stop to question whether a detail fits or not; any of the points that do not fit can be removed later. This will help you generate new ideas, and also give you something concrete to work on.

Strategies for achieving cohesion in a paragraph:

Another technique that brings about coherence in a paragraph is the use of cohesive devices or signal words or signposts between sentences or at the beginning of sentences.

These words/phrases will help you as a writer to move smoothly from one sentence to the next and show a logical relationship between sentences.

4 The Cornell note-taking method.

Ans: The Cornell note-taking method:

The Cornell System is a unique system of note-taking that allows you to visually organize your notes and quiz yourself on the material later on without making flashcards.

To use Cornell, start by leaving a two-inch column on the left-hand side of the page. You should also be sure to leave a space of 3-4 lines blank at the bottom of the page.

Once these areas have been designated you can take notes on the rest of the page as you normally would. Don’t be afraid to use blank space to separate and organize new concepts.

After you’ve finished taking notes for the class you’ll want to go back (immediately, if you can) and use that blank column on the left to write questions that can be answered by the corresponding notes. BEGS 183 Free Solved Assignment

Remember to put the question as close as possible to the note that answers it. Later on, you can quiz yourself by covering the main note section of the page and answering the questions in your own words.

Finally, use the blank bottom section to briefly summarize the page in one or two sentences.

5 Explain the terms ‘paraphrase’, ‘precis’ and ‘summary’ and show how they differ from each other.

Ans:Paraphrase: The paraphrase alters the wording of the passage without changing its meaning. It retains the basic logic of the argument, its sequence of ideas, and even the examples used in the passage.

Most importantly, it accurately conveys the author’s meaning and opinion. passage says

Précis: The précis (pronounced pray-see) is a type of summary that insists on exact reproduction of the logic, organization, and emphasis of the original texts.

It is a precisely crafted miniature of the whole document. Summary: A summary represents the scope and emphasis of a relatively large amount of material in an efficient and
concise form. BEGS 183 Free Solved Assignment

Considerably less lengthy than the original, it restates only the author’s main ideas, omitting extraneous examples and evidence used in supporting and illustrating those points.

Difference between paraphrase, precis and summary:

The main difference between a précis and a paraphrase or summary is that in a précis you use the language and structure of the original, particularly key terms and phrases.

In paraphrases and summaries, you must use your own words as much as possible, and a few words from the original as possible.

BEGS 183 Free Solved Assignment
BEGS 183 Free Solved Assignment
                              SECTION B  

Answer the following in around 150 words each:

1 “While writing, we need to develop the skill of analysing as well as synthesizing.” Explain.

Ans: While writing, we need to develop the skill of analysing as well as synthesizing:

While writing we need to develop the skill of analysing as well as synthesizing. Analysing is more a reading strategy while synthesizing is a writing strategy.

Both go hand-in-hand. What is it that happens when we analyse something? Analysing involves pulling things apart. When we analyse an argument, for instance, we need to read it closely and critically. BEGS 183 Free Solved Assignment

Let us first look at the criteria for analysing arguments. According to Axelrod and Cooper (2012), analysing arguments involve two categories: basic features and motivating factors.

Let us now give you an example of analysing arguments. Before that let us discuss the criteria for analysing arguments. First, look at the basic features:

i. Issues: What does the writer wish to address? – What problems or issues.

ii. How does the writer define or frame the issues?

iii. Position: What are the writer’s views on the issue? This would normally be the ‘thesis statement’ of the essay.

iv. Arguments: What evidence does the writer provide to support his/her position? These could be facts,examples, expert opinions, statistics and so on.

v. Counterargument: How does the writer refute the opposite point of view? Does s/he concede to some of the opposing arguments? How strong are the writer’s views versus the opponent? BEGS 183 Free Solved Assignment

Then certain factors could be explicitly stated or even implied in the writer’s arguments. These are known as motivating factors.

i.Values: These include moral, ethical or ideological considerations of the writer, which would inevitably creep into any piece of writing.

ii. Needs and interests: This would include the need of the writer to press for any burning issues in his/her life.

iii. Priorities / Concerns: What are the fears and concerns of the writer? These would inevitably become the writer’s priority.

2 What is ‘expository writing’? Describe, with examples, the techniques used to write expository texts.

Ans: Expository writing: Expository writing is writing that seeks to explain, illuminate or ‘expose’ (which is where the word ‘expository’ comes from).

This type of writing can include essays, newspaper and magazine articles, instruction manuals, textbooks, encyclopedia articles and other forms of writing, so long as they seek to explain. BEGS 183 Free Solved Assignment

Expository writing differs from other forms of writing, such as fiction and poetry. This lesson itself is an example of expository writing.

An expository essay is a tool that is often used in the academic world. If you’ve attended school, you’ve likely written one.

Most expository essays have an introductory paragraph in which a thesis or objective is stated, several main body paragraphs that prove or explain what is in the introduction, and a concluding paragraph in which everything is summed up.

Examples of Expository Writing: Different types of expository writing are used for different purposes. Let’s take a look at some examples.

First, a descriptive essay can be used when the writer wants to describe the characteristics or features of a person, place, thing, process, event, etc.

Descriptive essays, more than other types of expository writing, seek to stimulate the reader’s senses.

For example, if you wanted to describe what chocolate chip cookies are like, you might write: ‘Chocolate chip cookies are one of the most popular desserts in the world.

They can either be crispy or soft and have a sweet smell to them reminiscent of a bakery. They taste rich and melt in your mouth.

When they bake,they ‘wrinkle’ up in the oven, and the combination of the nooks and crannies in the dough with the mouth-watering chocolate chips on top makes them hard to resist.’ BEGS 183 Free Solved Assignment

These several sentences have aptly described chocolate chip cookies using sight, smell, taste and touch.

You could also describe a process, such as running a marathon, in which you told the reader about how much you sweated,

how you lost your breath going up hills, how you couldn’t see three feet in front of you because of the fog, etc.

3 Briefly describe the three major types of study skills and show how they help us to become better learners.

Ans:Three major types of study skills and show how they help us to become better learners:

Following are three major types of study skills and show how they help us to become better learners:

1 Gathering skills: These skills enable learners to identify and locate relevant information. These skills include reference skills and sub-skills of reading, viz. scanning and skimming.

Together they equip the learner with the tools to find sources of information. Reference skills can be further subdivided according to the material to be consulted into the following:

use of the dictionary, thesaurus, etc.
use of the library

These are also known as reference skills and enable a learner to gather information as quickly as possible.This requires two sub-skills: locating and comprehending information.

2 Storage Skills: As the name suggests, storage skills involve the ability to store information for ready retrieval and use.

You may ask: What is so difficult about ‘storing’ information? Once we have read and understood some information, is it not automatically stored in the memory? I would say, ‘partly yes’ and “partly no’. BEGS 183 Free Solved Assignment

What does this mean? We do remember what we read/listen to, but not everything. So, most of us hasten to copy down important facts.

3 Retrieval Skills: While writing an examination, or participating in a conference or seminar, students need to summarise their ideas in a coherent form, so that their readers can understand them.

Or sometimes they have to prepare a research abstract based on their reading. The student will of course base their summary or abstract on the notes they had prepared earlier.

4 What aspects of format, structure, etiquette and language should be considered while writing an official email? Write an official email to the head of your institution keeping all these aspects in mind.

Ans: Aspects of format, structure, etiquette and language should be considered while writing an official email:

An official email has many different aspects that should be accounted for before sending. Following are the aspects of format, structure, etiquette and language that should be considered while writing an official email:

1 Keep the subject line simple: Every well-written professional email needs to have an appropriate subject line. In most cases, you’re not using your email to make a pitch, so you don’t need to create a subject line that is puny or eye-catching.

2 Open with a proper greeting: A professional email always starts with a proper greeting. A greeting does not have to be anything overly complicated. It can be as simple as:
Dear [Name],
Respected [Name],
Greetings [Name],

3 Give the purpose of your email: People don’t want to read long emails or sort through mass amounts of text trying to find the intention of your email. A few ways to state the subject of your email are: BEGS 183 Free Solved Assignment

I am writing about [subject]
I am writing to inquire about [subject]

4 Writing the body text: Don’t overwhelm your reader with text. Understand your reader probably doesn’t have time to read along with a lengthy email.

Respect their time, if the body of your email is too long, they may skim through it or not read it all.

5 Wrapping up your email: At the end of your email, you don’t want to end with an average sentence.

You want to end with a sentence that sets up what needs to happen next. A few good ways to wrap up an email are:

I look forward to speaking with you more.
Please see the attached documents and give me your thoughts.

  1. Signing off: When signing off at the end of a professional email, keep it simple and kind. Like other parts of your email, Here are some of the best ways to sign off an email:

Thank you,
Thanks again,
Best Wishes,

  1. Double check everything: Nothing looks more unprofessional than an email full of grammar and spelling mistakes. That’s why it’s so important to give your email a thorough reading before hitting send. BEGS 183 Free Solved Assignment

Official email to the head of the institution:

Head of institution,
Adhyayan Kaksha
10th March 2022

Subject: Granting leave due to illness.

Respected Sir/Mam,

I am Ram Singh of class 9th ‘A’ and I have written this letter to inform you that I am sick for the last 1 day and doctor had advised me to take rest for two days so I would not be able to come to school for next two days. I would be thankful if you kindly grant me two days leave.

Thanking you.

Yours sincerely,
Ram Singh.

BEGS 183 Free Solved Assignment
BEGS 183 Free Solved Assignment
                            SECTION C 
  1. Write a paragraph of about 150 words on the topic given below.Underline the topic sentence after writing the paragraph.

“Water Conservation: a Challenge for India in the 21st Century.”

Ans: Water Conservation: a Challenge for India in the 21st Century:

India faces a major crisis of water as we move into the 21st century. This crisis threatens the basic right to the drinking water of our citizens; it also puts the livelihoods of millions at risk.

The demands of a rapidly industrializing economy and urbanizing society come at a time when the potential for augmenting supply is limited, water tables are falling and water quality issues have increasingly come to the fore.

As we drill deeper for water, our groundwater gets contaminated with fluoride, arsenic and uranium. BEGS 183 Free Solved Assignment

Our rivers and our groundwater are polluted by untreated effluents and sewage, which continue to be dumped into them.

Many urban stretches of rivers and lakes are overstrained and overburdened by industrial waste, sewage and agricultural runoff.

These wastewaters are overloading rivers and lakes with toxic chemicals and wastes, consequently poisoning water resources and supplies.

These toxins are finding their way into plants and animals, causing severe ecological toxicity at various trophic levels.

In India, cities produce nearly 40,000 million litres of sewage every day and barely 20 percent of it is treated. Central Pollution Control Board’s 2011 survey states that only 2% of towns have both sewerage systems and sewage treatment plants.

Climate change poses fresh challenges with its impacts on the hydrologic cycle. More extreme rates of precipitation and evapotranspiration will exacerbate the impacts of floods and droughts. BEGS 183 Free Solved Assignment

More intense, extreme and variable rainfall, combined with lack of proper drainage, will mean that every spell of rain becomes an urban nightmare as roads flood and dirty water enters homes and adds to filth and disease.

2 Write a well-developed composition on the topic given below:

“Social Media Usage: Advantages and Disadvantages.”
Your composition should have a clear introduction, body and conclusion.

Ans: Social Media Usage:

Social media is a constantly evolving set of methods and technologies which allow people to interact, communicate and share ideas online.

Customers increasingly look to engage with businesses or brands online in multiple ways. They expect a variety of rich content including audio, video, blogs, online forums and social networking.

Customers often want to build a relationship with the brand. This requires a twoway dialogue between the customer and the business.

Social media can be a useful tool for businesses, bringing advantages such as engaging with your audience and boosting website traffic.

However, there can also be disadvantages, including the resources required and negative feedback. BEGS 183 Free Solved Assignment

Advantages of social media:

The business benefits of effective social media use include:

i.Brand awareness: Compelling and relevant content will grab the attention of potential customers and increase brand visibility.

ii. Brand reputation: You can respond instantly to industry developments and be seen as ‘thought leader or expert in your field. This can improve how your business is seen by your audience.

iii. Cost-effective: It can be much cheaper than traditional advertising and promotional activities. The costs of maintaining a social media presence are minimal.

If you choose to invest in paid advertising, you can spend as much or as little as your budget allows.

iv. Website traffic: Social content can boost traffic to your website. This can lead to increased online conversions such as sales and leads.

v. Evaluation: It is easy to measure how much website traffic you receive from social media. You can set up tracking to determine how many sales are generated by paid social advertising. BEGS 183 Free Solved Assignment

vi. Customer interaction: You can deliver improved customer service and respond effectively to feedback.

Positive feedback is public and can be persuasive to other potential customers. Negative feedback highlights areas where you can improve.

vii. Target audience: Customers can find you through the social media platforms they use most. You can choose to maintain a presence on particular platforms that are in line with your target audience.

For example, if you are targeting young people you could reach them through Snapchat. If you are seeking business customers, LinkedIn may be the best channel.

viii. Brand loyalty: You can build relationships with your customers through social media. This can help increase loyalty and advocacy.

Disadvantages of social media:

Some of the downsides of using social media include:

i. Resources: You will need to commit resources to manage your social media presence, respond to feedback and produce new content.

This can include hiring and training staff, investing in paid advertising and paying for the costs of creating video or image content. BEGS 183 Free Solved Assignment

ii. Evaluation: While it is easy to quantify the return-on-investment in terms of online sales generated by social media advertising – there are some less tangible benefits.

It can be hard to measure and place a monetary value on the brand awareness and reputation that social media can bring. It’s difficult to know how social media affects sales in-store.

iii. Ineffective use: Social media can be used ineffectively. For example, using social media to push for sales without engaging with customers, or failing to respond to negative feedback – may damage your reputation.

Conclusion:

Social media is a convenient and important communication network for all people nowadays.

We can use it to know friends and keep in contact with friends that came from different countries. BEGS 183 Free Solved Assignment

We can also share our ideas so quickly so that all the things could develop so fast because people could tell us their ideas and we could improve them immediately.

We could also learn new things on social media by watching or reading the things that people shared on social media.

People could also sell things on social media freely which could reduce the expenditure on advertisements.

There are more advantages to using social media, however, there is always advantages and disadvantages for a thing.

As social media is too convenient for people, almost most of them don’t even have to speak out to communicate with people. BEGS 183 Free Solved Assignment

No longer, people will be lost their communication skills. The more serious problem is many people utilised the power of social media and used it to bully someone.

The power of social media is also the same as the one in real life. A few of them used social media to do things that were against the law, which is fool behavior.

BANS 184 Free Solved Assignment July 2021 & Jan 2022

BANS 183 Free Solved Assignment July 2021 & Jan 2022

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