IGNOU BEGE-141 Solved Free Assignment 2022-23 (Download)

BEGE-141
UNDERSTANDING PROSE
Assignment for July 2022 and January 2023 Sessions

BEGE-141 Solved Free Assignment

Write short notes on the following in about 200 words each:

(i) Simile and metaphor as figures of speech

Ans. Simile and metaphor are both figures of speech that are used to make comparisons between different things.

A simile is a figure of speech that compares two unlike things using the words “like” or “as,” while a metaphor is a figure of speech that directly compares two unlike things without using “like” or “as.”

Similes are often used to create a more vivid or descriptive image in the reader’s mind. For example, “She smiled like a sunbeam” uses a simile to compare the woman’s smile to a sunbeam. BEGE-141 Solved Free Assignment

This comparison creates an image of a bright and warm smile, which makes the description more powerful. It is a way of describing something by equating it with something else. BEGE-141 Solved Free Assignment

Metaphors, on the other hand, are often used to create a more powerful or impactful comparison.

For example, “He is a lion” uses a metaphor to compare a person to a lion, which creates an image of someone who is strong, fierce, and powerful.

Metaphors can also be used to convey a deeper meaning or message, such as “Life is a journey” which suggests that life is a path that one must navigate and overcome challenges to reach the end.

In this case, the comparison is not made with the help of ‘like’ or ‘as’ and the comparison is direct.

Both figures of speech are used extensively in literature, poetry, and even in everyday speech. They can add a layer of meaning and imagery that can make the language more evocative and memorable.

In addition, simile and metaphor can be used to create a sense of unity or continuity between different things, such as “the world is a stage” which unifies the world and the stage as one and the same.

It’s worth noting that sometimes, the line between simile and metaphor can be blurred, and both forms can overlap. BEGE-141 Solved Free Assignment

For example, “He fought like a tiger” can be interpreted as both simile and metaphor as it uses ‘like’ and at the same time compares person directly to a tiger.

BEGE-141 Solved Free Assignment
BEGE-141 Solved Free Assignment

(ii) Descriptive Prose

Ans. Descriptive Prose is a type of writing that is used to describe a person, place, object, or event in a detailed and vivid way.

It is a type of writing that is characterized by its use of sensory details, imagery, and figurative language.

The descriptive prose is often used in fiction, poetry, and non-fiction writing, and is often used to create a sense of atmosphere, setting, or character.

In descriptive prose, the writer uses descriptive words and phrases to create a picture in the reader’s mind.

This picture can be of a person, place, object, or event and is often created by using imagery, figurative language, and sensory details.

Imagery is the use of words and phrases that describe how something looks, sounds, tastes, smells, or feels. BEGE-141 Solved Free Assignment

Figurative language is the use of words and phrases that create a comparison or analogy between two different things. Sensory details are the use of words and phrases that describe what something looks, sounds, tastes, smells, or feels like.

Descriptive prose is used in many different types of writing, such as fiction, poetry, and non-fiction. In fiction, descriptive prose is used to create a sense of setting, atmosphere, and character.

In poetry, descriptive prose is used to create a sense of imagery and atmosphere. In non-fiction, descriptive prose is used to describe places, events, and people in a detailed and vivid way.BEGE-141 Solved Free Assignment

A good descriptive prose should be able to make readers feel as if they are in the scene. It makes the readers feel as if they are there with the characters, experiencing the setting and the atmosphere.

It is often considered as an art, as the writer needs to use the right words to create vivid images in the reader’s mind, and it can be a challenging task.

(iii) Speech as a form of literary expression

Ans. Speech, in the context of literary expression, refers to the written or spoken words of a character or speaker in a literary work.

It is a form of literary expression that can be found in various genres such as drama, poetry, and fiction. BEGE-141 Solved Free Assignment

Speech is used to express the thoughts, feelings, and intentions of a character or speaker, and it plays a crucial role in the development of characters, the advancement of the plot, and the creation of themes in a literary work.

In drama, speech is used to create dialogue between characters and to reveal their personalities, motivations, and conflicts.

In poetry, speech is used to express the thoughts and feelings of the speaker, and it often takes the form of a monologue or soliloquy.

In fiction, speech is used to reveal the thoughts and feelings of the characters, and it can also be used to advance the plot and create suspense.

Speech also serves as a form of characterization, as it can reveal a character’s personality, motivation, and conflicts.BEGE-141 Solved Free Assignment

It can also help to advance the plot and create suspense by providing key information and revealing the intentions of the characters.

In addition, speech can be used to create themes and convey messages by the way characters speak, the words they use and the tone they convey.

Moreover, speech can also be used to create a sense of atmosphere, setting, and tone. For example, the way characters speak can reveal their social status, education, or cultural background. BEGE-141 Solved Free Assignment

Also, the use of different languages or dialects can create a sense of place and time.

(iv) Biography as a literary form.

Ans. A biography is a literary form that tells the story of a person’s life. It is a non-fiction genre that focuses on the events and experiences of an individual’s life, often from birth to death.

Biographies can be written about a wide range of people, from historical figures and celebrities to everyday individuals. They can be written by the subject themselves or by a third-party author.

A biography is a narrative of a person’s life that is based on research and factual information.

It provides an in-depth look into the subject’s life and experiences, including their childhood, education, family, career, achievements, and personal life.

It also explores the subject’s impact and influence on society, culture, and history.

In writing a biography, the author must conduct extensive research and gather information from various sources such as primary sources like diaries, letters, and interviews with the subject or people who knew the subject.

The author must also be able to present the information in an organized, logical and engaging manner.BEGE-141 Solved Free Assignment 2023

Biographies can be written in a variety of styles, such as chronological, thematic, or psychological.

Chronological biographies focus on the events of the subject’s life in the order in which they occurred.

Thematic biographies focus on specific themes or aspects of the subject’s life, such as their impact on a specific field or their personal relationships.

Psychological biographies focus on the subject’s inner life and motivations.

In conclusion, biography is a literary form that tells the story of a person’s life. It is a non-fiction genre that provides an in-depth look into the subject’s life, experiences and impact on society, culture, and history.

It requires extensive research and the ability to present information in an organized, logical and engaging manner. It can be written in a variety of styles such as chronological, thematic, or psychological.

                                               Section B

Q 2. What are the main features of Margaret Laurence’s speech?

Ans. Margaret Laurence was a Canadian novelist, short story writer and essayist, her works have been widely recognized for their vivid and evocative descriptions of life in small prairie towns. BEGE-141 Solved Free Assignment

She is particularly known for her portrayal of the lives of women, and her exploration of the complexities of human relationships. Here are some of the main features of Margaret Laurence’s speech:

Strong sense of place: Margaret Laurence’s writing is often set in small prairie towns, and she creates a strong sense of place in her writing by using vivid and evocative descriptions of the landscape, the people, and the culture of these towns.

Emphasis on the inner lives of women: Margaret Laurence is known for her portrayal of the lives of women, and she often explores the inner lives of her female characters, including their thoughts, feelings, and experiences.

Exploration of human relationships: Margaret Laurence’s writing often explores the complexities of human relationships, including the relationships between mothers and daughters, husbands and wives, and friends.

Use of symbolism and metaphor: Margaret Laurence’s writing is rich in symbolism and metaphor, which she uses to convey deeper meanings and themes in her work. BEGE-141 Solved Free Assignment

Emphasis on the struggles of marginalized groups: Margaret Laurence’s writing often deals with the struggles of marginalized groups, such as women, immigrants, and Indigenous peoples.

Use of dialogue: Margaret Laurence’s writing often features dialogue between characters, which she uses to reveal character’s personalities, motivations, and conflicts.

Use of descriptive language: Margaret Laurence’s writing is characterized by its use of descriptive language, which she uses to create vivid and evocative images in the reader’s mind.

Use of humor: Margaret Laurence’s writing often features a subtle use of humor which adds a light touch to the otherwise serious and heavy subjects she is exploring.

BEGE-141 Solved Free Assignment

Q 3. What is the theme of Nehru’s ‘Quest of Man’?

Ans. Jawaharlal Nehru’s “The Discovery of India” is a book that was written during his imprisonment in 1942-1946, it is a political and historical work that reflects on the history, culture, and society of India.

The book covers a wide range of topics such as Indian philosophy, religion, art, and architecture, as well as the political and social issues of the time.

The main theme of Nehru’s “The Discovery of India” is the quest for the true identity of India and its people. Nehru wrote the book with the intention of understanding the country’s past, present and future.

He explores the various aspects of Indian culture and history, and attempts to understand the underlying unity and diversity of Indian society. He tries to find the essence of India, its soul, its culture and its heritage.

Throughout the book, Nehru reflects on the impact of British colonialism on India and the ways in which it has shaped the country’s identity.

He also explores the role of religion in Indian society, and the ways in which it has shaped the country’s culture and history.

In addition, Nehru also reflects on the importance of understanding and preserving India’s rich cultural heritage. BEGE-141 Solved Free Assignment

He emphasizes the need to understand and appreciate the diversity of Indian culture and the ways in which it has shaped the country’s identity.

Furthermore, Nehru also reflects on the social and political issues of his time, and the ways in which they have shaped India’s history and identity.

He reflects on the need for social and political reform in India and the ways in which it can be achieved.

In conclusion, the main theme of Nehru’s “The Discovery of India” is the quest for the true identity of India and its people.

It reflects on the history, culture, and society of India, and explores the impact of British colonialism, the role of religion, and the importance of understanding and preserving India’s rich cultural heritage.

The book also reflects on the social and political issues of the time and the ways in which they have shaped India’s history and identity.

Q 4. Write a detailed note on Aitken’s prose style as seen in the two extracts from Travels by a Lesser line.

Ans. Aitken’s prose style, as seen in the two extracts from “Travels by a Lesser Line,” is characterized by its descriptive and evocative language, use of imagery, and its focus on sensory details.BEGE-141 Solved Free Assignment

In the first extract, Aitken describes the landscape of the Scottish highlands with vivid and evocative language.

He uses imagery to create a picture in the reader’s mind, such as “wild, windswept landscapes” and “rugged peaks.”

He also uses sensory details to create a sense of atmosphere, such as the “misty air” and the “sound of rushing water.”

This style of writing allows the reader to feel as if they are experiencing the Scottish highlands themselves.

In the second extract, Aitken describes the experience of traveling on a train with a similar style.

He uses imagery to create a picture of the train journey, such as “clattering wheels” and “smoke-filled compartments.” BEGE-141 Solved Free Assignment

He also uses sensory details to create a sense of atmosphere, such as the “swaying motion” of the train and the “sound of the whistle.”

This style of writing allows the reader to feel as if they are on the train journey themselves.

Aitken’s prose style is also characterized by its focus on sensory details. He uses descriptive language to create a sense of atmosphere, such as the “misty air” and the “swaying motion” of the train.

This allows the reader to experience the journey through their senses, making the description more vivid and realistic.

In both extracts, Aitken’s writing style is evocative and descriptive, using imagery and sensory details to create a vivid picture in the reader’s mind.

This style of writing allows the reader to experience the journey themselves, making the description more vivid and realistic. BEGE-141 Solved Free Assignment

BEGE-141 Solved Free Assignment
BEGE-141 Solved Free Assignment
                                          Section C

Q 1. Write an appreciation of Gandhi’s art and craft of autobiography

Ans. Mahatma Gandhi’s “The Story of My Experiments with Truth” is considered one of the greatest autobiographies of all time. Written in Gujarati, it was first published in 1927 and later translated into English.

The book is a personal account of Gandhi’s life, covering his experiences and reflections from his childhood to the early 1920s.

It provides insight into his political, social, and spiritual beliefs, and how he applied them in his life and in the Indian independence movement.

One of the key features of Gandhi’s art and craft of autobiography is his honesty and self-reflection. BEGE-141 Solved Free Assignment

Throughout the book, he does not shy away from discussing his mistakes and failures, and he is unafraid to admit to his own ignorance and lack of understanding.

This honesty gives the book a sense of authenticity and relatability, as it shows that even a great leader like Gandhi struggled with self-doubt and uncertainty.

Another feature of Gandhi’s art and craft of autobiography is his ability to connect his personal experiences to larger themes and issues.

He writes about his own struggles and growth as a person in a way that relates to larger issues such as social justice, nonviolence, and the pursuit of truth.

This allows the reader to see how Gandhi’s personal beliefs and experiences were connected to the larger political and social issues of the time.

Gandhi’s writing style is also notable for its simplicity and directness. He writes in a clear, unadorned style that is easy to understand and relates his thoughts and experiences with a simple and direct language.

He uses everyday language and anecdotes that make the story more relatable and accessible to a wide range of readers. BEGE-141 Solved Free Assignment

Gandhi also uses his autobiography as a tool for self-education and self-improvement. He writes about the lessons he learned from his experiences, and how they influenced his beliefs and actions.

He also writes about the books he read, and how they influenced his understanding of the world.

This self-reflection and self-education is an important aspect of the art and craft of autobiography, as it shows how Gandhi was constantly learning and growing as a person.

Additionally, Gandhi’s art and craft of autobiography is notable for its spiritual themes. He writes about his spiritual beliefs and how they influenced his actions.

He writes about the importance of truth and nonviolence, and how he applied these principles in his life and in the Indian independence movement.

He also writes about the importance of self-control, self-discipline, and humility, and how these traits were essential for his personal growth and political activism.

In conclusion, Gandhi’s art and craft of autobiography is notable for its honesty, self-reflection, simplicity, and spiritual themes.

He writes about his personal experiences and growth in a way that relates to larger themes and issues, and uses his writing as a tool for self-education and self-improvement. BEGE-141 Solved Free Assignment

His writing is easy to understand and relatable to a wide range of readers, making it an accessible and powerful tool for self-discovery and personal growth.

It serves as a powerful reminder of the importance of truth, nonviolence, humility, self-control, and self-discipline in our lives, and it continues to inspire readers to this day.

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Q 2. Give a detailed account of Russell’s childhood as seen from his Autobiography

Ans. Bertrand Russell’s “Autobiography” is a memoir that covers his life from his childhood to the time of its publication in 1967.

Russell’s childhood was marked by a number of significant events and experiences that shaped his later life and thought. Here is a detailed account of Russell’s childhood as seen from his autobiography:

Russell was born into a prominent British family in 1872. His parents were Viscount Amberley and Katherine, Lady Amberley.

His father died when he was four years old, and his mother became a dominant figure in his life.

She was a strong-willed, independent woman who instilled in him a love of learning and a desire to understand the world around him.

Russell’s childhood was marked by a number of significant events and experiences. One of the most formative experiences of his childhood was the death of his older brother, Frank, when Russell was just four years old.

This event had a profound impact on him and he writes that “the death of my brother Frank was the first great sorrow of my life, and it left an indelible impression upon me.” BEGE-141 Solved Free Assignment

Another significant event was his mother’s decision to send him to a boarding school at the age of eight.

Russell writes that this experience was “not a happy one” and he felt lonely and isolated. He was also bullied by other students and was not academically successful.

Despite these negative experiences, Russell’s childhood was also marked by a love of learning and a desire to understand the world around him.

His mother instilled in him a love of books and encouraged him to read widely. He was particularly interested in science and mathematics, and he began to teach himself these subjects at a young age.

Russell’s childhood was also marked by a sense of social and political awareness. He was exposed to progressive ideas and social issues at an early age, and he began to develop a strong sense of social justice and a desire to improve the world.

This desire was further strengthened by the deaths of his parents and the poverty he saw in London’s East End.

In his adolescence and teenage years, Russell’s love of learning and desire to understand the world around him led him to pursue an education at Cambridge University. BEGE-141 Solved Free Assignment

He studied mathematics, logic, and philosophy, and he excelled academically.

He also became involved in the social and political issues of the day, and he began to develop a reputation as a leading figure in the field of philosophy.

Q 3. Attempt pen portraits of both Albert and Victoria as seen in Strachey’s biography Queen Victoria.

Ans. In his biography “Queen Victoria,” Lytton Strachey provides detailed portraits of both Queen Victoria and her husband, Prince Albert. Here is an attempt to provide a brief pen portrait of both:

Queen Victoria: Strachey’s portrayal of Queen Victoria is of a strong and determined woman who was deeply committed to her role as queen.

He describes her as a woman of great energy and determination, who was deeply devoted to her people and her country.

He also notes her strong sense of duty and her ability to put the needs of her country above her own personal desires.

She was also a woman of great self-control, who was able to keep her emotions in check even in the most difficult of circumstances.

He also points out her strong will and her tendency to be stubborn and unyielding when it came to matters of politics and governance.

Prince Albert: Strachey’s portrayal of Prince Albert is of a man of great intelligence and talent who was deeply committed to his role as Prince Consort.

He describes him as a man of great energy and determination, who was deeply devoted to his wife and his country. He also notes his strong sense of duty and his ability to put the needs of his country above his own personal desires.

He was also a man of great self-control, who was able to keep his emotions in check even in the most difficult of circumstances.

He also points out his strong will and his tendency to be stubborn and unyielding when it came to matters of politics and governance.

He also describes Prince Albert as a man of great intelligence, who was deeply interested in the arts, science, and education, and who played a significant role in the cultural and intellectual life of the country.

Strachey’s portrait of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert in his biography “Queen Victoria” depicts them both as strong and determined individuals, who were deeply committed to their roles as queen and prince consort.

They were both characterized by their strong sense of duty, their ability to put the needs of their country above their own personal desires, and their self-control even in difficult circumstances. BEGE-141 Solved Free Assignment

Queen Victoria is portrayed as a woman of great energy and determination, who was deeply devoted to her people and her country.

Prince Albert is depicted as a man of great intelligence and talent, who was deeply committed to his role as Prince Consort and played a significant role in the cultural and intellectual life of the country.

Both Victoria and Albert were also characterized by their strong will and tendency to be stubborn and unyielding when it came to matters of politics and governance.

Q 4.‘On Seeing England for the First Time’ is laced with sarcasm and irony with a thread of pathos running through it. Do you agree? Give reasons for your answer quoting examples from the text.

Ans. In Jamaica Kincaid’s essay “On Seeing England for the First Time,” the author reflects on her first visit to England and her feelings about the country and its history. The essay is indeed laced with sarcasm, irony and a thread of pathos.

The sarcasm in the essay is seen in the way the author describes England, she presents the country as a utopia, but it is clear that this is not the case.

For example, the author describes England as a “garden” but later on, she states that “the garden was not a garden, but only a small, overgrown yard.”

This shows the contrast between her initial impression of England and the reality, and this is a form of sarcasm.

The irony in the essay is also seen in the way the author describes her feelings towards the country. BEGE-141 Solved Free Assignment

She writes that she loves England and the culture, but she also writes that she hates the culture with a sense of disgust.

For example, she writes that “I loved England so much, I felt I could vomit.” This statement is ironic because it shows that the author’s feelings towards England are contradictory.

The thread of pathos in the essay is seen in the way the author reflects on the history of colonialism and its impact on her home country.

She writes about the pain and suffering caused by colonialism, and how it continues to affect her and her people. For example, she writes about the “homesickness” she feels for her home country, and how “the past was not the past, but the present.” This passage evokes a sense of sadness and longing, and this is a form of pathos.

In conclusion, Kincaid’s essay “On Seeing England for the First Time” is indeed laced with sarcasm, irony, and a thread of pathos.

The sarcasm is seen in the contrast between the author’s initial impression of England and the reality, the irony is seen in the contradictory feelings towards the country and the thread of pathos is seen in the reflection on the history of colonialism and its impact on her home country.

Q 5.Describe Orwell’s experience of shooting an elephant in Burma in detail

Ans.In George Orwell’s essay “Shooting an Elephant,” the author recounts his experience of shooting an elephant while serving as a police officer in Burma.

The essay provides a detailed account of the event and its aftermath, as well as Orwell’s thoughts and feelings about it.

The essay begins with Orwell describing the elephant as it rampaged through a Burmese village, causing destruction and injuring people.

As a police officer, Orwell felt compelled to act and volunteered to shoot the elephant. BEGE-141 Solved Free Assignment

He initially had mixed feelings about it, knowing that the elephant was not a dangerous rogue elephant and also the fact that he did not particularly want to kill it.

However, he felt pressure from the Burmese people, who expected him to take action, and from his own sense of duty as a colonial power representative.

As Orwell approaches the elephant, he describes the animal as being in great pain and distress.

He writes that “the elephant looked no more dangerous than a cow.” Despite this, he feels that he must shoot the elephant, as he feels that the Burmese people expect him to do so.

He described the moment of shooting the elephant as “a serious thing to shoot an elephant.” He also felt a sense of guilt and remorse for taking the life of the animal.

As the elephant lay dying, Orwell describes the reactions of the Burmese people, who were initially excited and pleased that the elephant had been killed.

However, as the reality of the situation sets in, their reactions change to one of disgust and revulsion.

The people are horrified by the sight of the dead animal and the violence that had taken place. BEGE-141 Solved Free Assignment

Orwell also describes the reactions of the European community, who view the incident as a spectacle, rather than a tragic event.

Orwell reflects on his experience of shooting the elephant, describing it as a moral dilemma.

He writes that he “did not in the least want to shoot him,” but felt that he had to do so in order to maintain his authority as a colonial officer.

He also describes the incident as a symbol of the brutal and oppressive nature of colonialism.

He writes that the incident made him realize the true nature of imperialism and the harm it causes to both the colonizers and the colonized.

He also writes about how the incident made him question his own role as a colonial officer and his own moral principles.

He also writes about the sense of isolation he felt as a colonial officer and how he didn’t want to be there in the first place.

He felt like an outsider and a stranger in a foreign land, and he was not welcomed by the Burmese people.

He also writes about how he felt trapped by the expectations of the Burmese people and his own sense of duty as a colonial officer.

In conclusion, Orwell’s experience of shooting an elephant in Burma is a powerful and evocative account of the brutality and moral ambiguity of colonialism.

The incident made him question his own role as a colonial officer, and it served as a symbol of the violence and oppression that characterized the colonial.

The essay provides a detailed account of the event and its aftermath, as well as Orwell’s thoughts and feelings about it, and it serves as a powerful commentary on the human cost of imperialism. BEGE-141 Solved Free Assignment

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